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Holidays in England: Traditions and customs in England

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поурочный план  с фотоотчетом поможет учителям английского языка в подготовке к уроку

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«Holidays in England: Traditions and customs in England»

The theme of the lesson:Holidays in England: Traditions and customs in England


The aims of the lesson:

Educational: to enrich the students knowledge about English holidays, traditions and customs.

Developing: to develop students monological speech and culturological knowledge, enlarge of general culture of communication.

Upbrining: to upbring students to know other traditions and customs and respect our native traditions.

The equipments: computer, interactive board, illustrated pictures, video material, slides.

The type of the lesson: combined lesson.

The methods of teaching: presentation, explanation, question – answer, pair work.

Connection with the subject: English, Russian, Geography.


The producer of the lesson.

1. Organization moment.

2. Checking up the homework.

3. Explaining the new material.

4. New words.

5. Answer the questions


I. Organization moment

Good morning students!

How are you?

Ho is on duty today?

Who is absent today?

What day is it today?

II. Checking up the homework.

T: Let’s check up your home task. What was the home task for today?

S: Our home task was given write the exercises and revise grammar Present Perfect Tense.

T: What auxiliary verbs we use in Present Perfect Tense?

T: With what pronoun we use our auxiliary verbs have and has?

T: What adverbs we use in this tense?





III. Explaining the new material.

T: What’s holiday- “holly” and “day”. Holiday is an unusual rest day. It’s day when people don’t go to work or to school, shops and banks are closed because of a national celebration. As you know every country and every nation has their own holidays, traditions and customs.




Customs and Traditions in England

Almost every nation has a reputation of some kind. The English are reputed to be cold, reserved, rather haughty people. They are steady, easy-going and fond of sports. There are certain kinds of behavior, manners and customs which are peculiar to England.

The English are naturally polite and are never tired of saying and . They are generally disciplined; you never hear loud talk in the street. They don't rush for seats in buses and trains, but they take their seats in queues at bus stops. English people do not shake hands when meeting one another; they do not show their emotions even in tragic situations. They seem to remain good-tempered and cheerful under difficulties.

The English are a nation of stay-at-homes. There is no place like home. The Englishman says because he doesn't wish his doings to be overlooked by his neighbors. It is true that English people prefer small houses, built for one family. The fire is the focus of the English Home. Other nations go out to cafes or cocktail bars. The fireplace is the natural center of interest in the room. They like to sit round the fire and watch the dancing flames, exchanging the day's experience. In many houses you will still see fireplaces, sometimes with columns on each side and a shelf above it on which there is often a clock or a mirror or photos.

The love of gardens is deep-rooted in the British people. Most men's conversations are about gardens. It may be a discussion of the best methods of growing cucumbers, a talk about the plot which differs from all the others.

The British like growing plants in a window-box outside the kitchen or in the garden near the house. They love flowers very much.

Britain is a nation of animal lovers. They have about five million dogs, almost as many cats, 3 million parrots and other cage birds, aquarium fish - and 1 million exotic pets such as reptiles. In Britain they have special dog shops selling food, clothes and other things for dogs. There are dog hair-dressing saloons and dog cemeteries. In Britain pets can send Christmas cards to their friends, birthday cards. Owners can buy for their pets jeweled nylon collars, lambs wool coat for a dog, lace-trimmed panties, nightgowns, pajamas, and so on. There are special animal hotels at the airports. The English people believe that they are the only nation on the earth that is really kind to its animals. How do they spend their week-ends?

Those who live in cities and towns like to go out of town. They may go to stay in the country. Every Englishman is fond of the countryside in a nice thatched cottage with roses round the porch and in the garden, the fresh air and bright sun. No crowds of people, silence and leisure.

Those who stay at home try to do all the jobs they, were too busy to do during the week. Some go shopping on Saturday mornings, some do the house - washing, cleaning. Some men do and watch sporting events.

Saturday evening is the best time for parties, dances, going to the cinema or theatre.

On Sunday after breakfast they may go to work in the garden take a dog for a walk, play a visit to a pub. Sunday is a day for inviting friends and relatives to afternoon tea.

There are some traditions concerning food. English cooking is heavy, substantial and plain. The Englishman likes a good breakfast. To him a good breakfast means porridge with, fish, bacon and eggs, toast and marmalade, tea or coffee. It is the same day to day. The English like their toast cold.

Tea is part of the prose of British life, as necessary as potatoes and bread. Seven cups of it wake you up in the morning; 9 cups will put you to sleep at night.

The midday meal is called lunch. This meal consists on week- days of stew, fried fish, chops, liver or sausages, vegetables. Rice and macaroni are seldom served. Then does an apple tart, or hot milk pudding. Sunday dinner is a special occasion; it is a joint of beef or lamb with vegetables. Then goes a large heavy pudding with custard. From 4 to 6 there is a very light meal called 5 o'clock tea. It is a snack of thin bread and butter and cups of tea with small cakes. This became a kind ritual. At this time everything stops for tea.

Dinner (usually at 6 p.m.) is much like lunch and is in many families the last meal of the day. Supper is a snack of bread and cheese and cocoa.

The English have a popular specialty known as fish and chips. They are bought at special fish and chips shops.

IV. New words.

Decorate [dekәreit]v – сәндеу, безендіру Chimney [tsimni] n – мұржа

Celebrate [selibreit] v – тойлау neighbor [neibә]n – көрші

costume [kәstju:m]n – костюм, киім Guest [gest] n – қонақ

Knock [nok] v – қағу, қорсылдау Trick [trik] n – айла тәсіл

Threat [өret]n – қауіп roast [rәust]adj – қуырылған

turkey [tәiki]n – куркетауық sign [sain]v – қол қою

pie [pai] n – бәліш Sock [sok] n – шұлық

Stocking [stokin] n – ұзын шұлық

V. Answer the questions

1. What is the traditional Thanksgiving meal?

2. What holiday do the Americans celebrate on the 4th of July?

3. When do people in Britain have the Bonfire Night?

4. What do people usually burn on the 5th of November?

5. When is Halloween celebrated?

6. What is the name of a Halloween pumpkin ?

7. What do children usually say knocking at the doors of the houses?

8. What are the most popular Halloween characters?

9. What do children look for on Easter?

10. What animal is symbolize Easter eggs?

11. How do people decorate their gardens on Easter, especially in Germany?

12. How is called the week before Easter day?

13. Where does Father Christmas put presents?

14. What is the name of the most famous Santa’s reindeer?

15. How do we call an ornament which people usually hang on the front door?

16. When people celebrate Christmas day?

17. What country gave birth to St. Patrick's Day ?

18. What colour of clothes do people wear on St. Patrick's Day ?

19. What plant is the symbol of St. Patrick’s Day?

20. When was hold the first Saint Patrick’s festival ?

VI. Doing exercises

- Next. Add these words to the word map. Write it in your Copybook:

parties, cards, sweets, flowers, wear costumes, cover their faces, play a trick, knock on the doors, a roast turkey, pudding, potatoes, a pumpkin pie, money, gather, gifts, and decorate.

Holidays

Special

food

Things we give

And receive

Special occasion

activities





























































7. Conclusion of the lesson.

T: Now, let’s consolidate our lesson. Please write down your opinions in one word. Today you were very active. Thank you everybody.

8. Evaluation of the lesson. Giving comments to the marks.

9. Home task. Your home task is to learn by heart the new words and write about what customs and holidays do you like. So, our lesson is over. You are free. Good-bye.


















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Предмет: Английский язык

Категория: Уроки

Целевая аудитория: Прочее

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Holidays in England: Traditions and customs in England

Автор: Елшенова Галия Батырбековна

Дата: 25.02.2020

Номер свидетельства: 541045

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