Презентация к уроку английского языка по теме "Customs and traditions of Great Britain"
Презентация к уроку английского языка по теме "Customs and traditions of Great Britain"
Презентация к уроку английского языка по теме "Customs and traditions of Great Britain" (Автор - учитель английского языка Лысова С.П.) - прекрасное средство подачи материала по теме. Раскрывает культурологический аспект Великобритании, может использваться на уроке в 7 классе.
План-конспект урока в 7 классе по теме:
«Обычаи и традиции Великобритании»
(“Customs and traditions of Great Britain”)
Цель урока: формирование коммуникативных умений и навыков учащихся по теме: «Customs and traditions of Great Britain»
Учебный аспект – развивать навыки коммуникативной деятельности
Познавательный аспект - ознакомить учащихся с праздниками и обычаями страны изучаемого языка;
Развивающий аспект – развивать воображение, способности к распределению и переключению внимания, развивать память к восстановлению причинно-следственных связей во фразе, структуре;
Воспитательный аспект – воспитывать толерантное отношение к другим народам, потребности и способности понимать их образ жизни и культуру;
Тип урока: урок изучения и первичного закрепления новых знаний.
Используемые учебники и учебные пособия: "Английский язык" учебник для 7 класса Афанасьева О.В., Михеева И.В.
Оборудование урока:компьютер, интерактивная доска, раздаточный материал (карточки).
урок формирования коммуникативных умений и навыков через страноведческий материал
Good morning! I’m glad to see you! Today we’ll continue to speak about tradition and holidays of Great Britain.
The topic of our lesson is: The main customs and traditions of England .
Good morning, teacher! We`re glad to see you too!
2. Введение в тему урока.
So, children, it’s time for us to visit London.
Let’s read the motto of our lesson “It’s better to see something once then to hear about it a hundred times”. That’s why today at the lesson we’ll try to do so.
Watch the multimedia presentation about The main customs and traditions of Great Britain.
Ученики знакомятся с новой темой урока и смотрят презентацию
3. Ознакомление с содержанием презентации и работа по ней
Read and answer the questions:
Слайд 2: День Святого Валентина.St.Valentine’s Day. When we celebrate St. Valentine’s Day?
Слайд3: Деньсмеха.April Fool’s Day.What do you know about this holiday?
Слайд4:Деньсолнцестояния.Midsummer’s DayWhat is the longest day of the year?
Слайд5: ДеньГаяФокса. Guy Fawkes’ Day When we celebrate Guy Fawkes’ Day?
Слайд6: РождествоThe History of Christmas What Christmas symbolizes nowadays?
Слайд7: ХэлоуинHalloween What children do on Halloween?
Слайд8: «Встатьнестойноги»«Wrong side of the bed» What the left means?
Слайд9: Задуваниесвечей. «Blowing out the candles» From whom this custom comes?
Ученики читают аннотации к слайдам:
Первыйученик:St.Valentine’s Day is February the 14th. On this day, people send Valentine cards to their relatives and friends to show them their love.
Второйученик:St.Valentine’s Day is February the 14th. On this day, people send Valentine cards to their relatives and friends to show them their love.
Третийученик:Midsummer’s Day is June the 24th. It’s the longest day of the year. On this day you can see a very old custom at Stonehenge, in Wiltshire, England.
Четвёртыйученик:Guy Fawkes’ Day is November the 5th. On this day in 1605 Guy Fawkes tried to kill King James I, but he was defeated. Today people burn his figure, made by straw.
Пятыйученик:Christmas is an annual holiday celebrated on December the 25th that marks and honors the birth of Jesus of Nazareth. In the Early Middle Ages, Christmas was regarded as misrule and drunkenness and it was banned.
Шестойученик:In 1660 Charles II ended the ban. Today Christmas in England is a celebration time when people shed off their grievances and spread the feeling of brotherhood.
Седьмойученик:October the 31st is Halloween. A long time ago it was the time of mysterious things. Today it’s a time for fun in Britain. People make special lamps called Jack-o-Lantern, have parties, and dress as ghost and witches.
Восьмойученик:Bobbing for apples is a well-known Halloween tradition. On this day people cook apple cakes with a coin hidden inside.
Девятыйученик:When people are in the bad mood we say that they must have got out of bed on the wrong side. The wrong side-the left one. The left means the evil.
Десятыйученик:This custom comes from the ancient Greeks. The number of candles means the person’s age and an extra one to represent the light of life.
4. Актуализация знаний о праздниках
The next task is to match the cards. You see the postcards and the dates on the blackboard try to match them.
Учащиеся в парах соотносят даты с картинками
5. Подведение итогов, рефлексия, оценки за работу.
England has preserved its old ceremonies and traditions to a greater extend than any other country in the world. British people are proud of their traditions and carefully keep them up.
Учитель: Which holidays of the UK (Great Britain and London) do you associate with the following words? Учитель: Well, you have met with customs and holidays of GB. Let’s summarize the information about it. What holidays and traditions of England do you like most of all and what do you know about them?
Дети выражают свое мнение и предположения
6. Домашнее задание.
And now your homework. Make up your own multimedia presentation about one holiday of GB. Your marks today are: Now the lesson is over. Thank you!
Дети записывают домашнее задание
Просмотр содержимого документа
«Презентация к уроку английского языка по теме "Customs and traditions of Great Britain" »
Customs and traditions of Great Britain
Автор: учитель английского зыка МКОУ ООШ №12 пос. Ленинский
Every nation and every country has its own traditions and customs, which make them individual. Some traditions are old-fashioned, interesting and important. English traditions can be classified into several groups: traditions concerning the Englishmen’s private life (child’s birth, wedding, marriage, wedding anniversary); state traditions; national holidays, religious holidays, public festival, traditional ceremonies.
There are numerous royal traditions in Britain, some are ancient, others are modern.
The Queen is the only person in Britain who has two birthdays. Her real birthday is on April 21st, but she has an “official” birthday, too, which is on the second Saturday in June. On this day, there is a traditional ceremony called the Trooping of the Colour. It is a big parade with brass bands and hundreds of soldiers in London. Thousands of Londoners and visitors watch in Horse Guards’ Parade while other millions of people at home watch it on television.
Traditionally the Queen opens Parliament every autumn. The Queen travels from Buckingham Palace to the Houses of Parliament in a gold carriage. At the Houses of Parliament the Queen sits on a “throne” in the House of Lords. Then she reads the “Queen’s Speech”. At the State Opening of Parliament the Queen wears a crown. She wears other jewels from the Crown Jewels, too.
Every year, there is a new Lord Mayor of London. The Mayor is the city’s traditional leader. And the second Saturday in November is always the day for the Lord Mayor’s Show. This ceremony is over six hundred years old. It is also London’s biggest parade, where people make special costumes and act stories from London’s history.
There is a very special royal tradition: On the River Thames there are hundreds of swans. A lot of these beautiful white birds belong, traditionally, to the king or queen. In July the young swans on the Thames are about two months old. Then the Queen’s swan keeper goes, in a boat, from London Bridge to Henley. He looks at all the young swans and marks the royal ones. The name of this strange but interesting custom is Swan Upping.
Swan Uppers searching for
There are only six public holidays a year in Great Britain, that is days on which people need not go in to work. They are: Christmas Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Spring Bank Holiday and Late Summer Bank Holiday.
The most popular holiday in Britain is Christmas. On the Sunday before Christmas many churches hold a carol service where special hymns are sung. Sometimes carol singers can be heard in the streets as they collect money for charity. The first commercial Christmas card was produced in Britain in 1843 by Henry Cole, founder of the Victoria and Albert Museum, London. The handcoloured print was inscribed with the words ’A Merry Christmas and A Happy New Year to you’.
A traditional feature of Christmas in Britain is the Christmas tree. The Queen Victoria’s husband, Prince Albert, brought the German tradition (he was German) to Britain. He and the Queen had a Christmas tree at Windsor Castle in 1841. A few years after, nearly every house in Britain had one. An older tradition is Christmas mistletoe. People put a piece of this green plant with its white berries over a door. Also, at Christmas British people kiss their friends and family under the mistletoe.
On Christmas people try to give their children everything they want. On December 24th Father Christmas brings their presents at night. Then they open them on the morning of the 25th.
There is another name for Father Christmas in Britain – Santa Claus. In the traditional story he lives at the North Pole. But now he lives in big shops in towns and cities all over Britain. Well, that’s where children see him in November and December. Then on Christmas Eve he visits every house. He climbs down the chimney and leaves lots of presents. Some people leave something for him, too.
December 26th is Boxing Day. Traditionally boys from the shops in each town asked for money at Christmas. They went from house to house on December 26th and took boxes made of wood with them. At each house people gave them money. This was a Christmas present. Now, Boxing Day is an extra holiday after Christmas Day.
In England people celebrate the New Year. But it is not as widely or as enthusiastically observed as Christmas. Some people ignore it completely and go to bed at the same time as usual on New Year’s Eve. Many others, however, do celebrate it in one way or another.
The most common type of celebration is a New Year part. And another popular way of celebrating the New Year is going to a New Year’s dance.
Every Year the people of Norway give the city of London a present. It’s a big Christmas tree, which stands in Trafalgar Square. Also in central London, Oxford Street and Regent Street always have beautiful decorations at the New Year and Christmas. Thousands of people come to look at them.
On October 31st British people celebrate Halloween. It is undoubtedly the most colourful and exciting holiday of the year. Though it is not a public holiday, it is very dear to children and teenagers. According to old beliefs, Halloween is the time, when the veil between the living and the dead is partially lifted, and witches, ghosts and other super natural beings are about. Now children celebrate Halloween in unusual costumes and masks. It is a festival of merrymaking, superstitions spells, fortunetelling, traditional games and pranks. Halloween is a time for fun. Many Halloween customs are based on beliefs of the ancient Celts, who lived more than 2,000 years ago in what is now Great Britain.
At Halloween parties children play traditional games. One of the most popular is called bobbing for apples. One child at a time has to get apples from a tub of water without using hands. But how to do this? By sinking his or her face into the water and biting the apple!
Another game is pin-the-tail-on-the –donkey. One child is blind folded and spun slowly so that he or she will become dizzy. Then the child must find a paper donkey hanging on the wall and try to pin a tail onto the back.
And no Halloween party is complete without at least one scary story.
14th Saint Valentine’s Day
On February 14th is Saint Valentine’s Day in Britain. It is not a national holiday. Banks and offices do not close, but it is a happy little festival in honour of St. Valentine. On this day people send Valentine cards to their husbands, wives, girlfriends and boyfriends. You can also send a card to a person you do not know. But traditionally you must never write your name on it. Some British newspapers have got a page for Valentine’s Day messages on February 14th.
Londoners celebrate carnivals. And one of them is Europe’s biggest street carnival. A lot of people in the Notting Hill area of London come from the West Indies – a group of islands in the Caribbean. And for two days in August, Notting Hill is the West Indies. There is West Indian food and music in the streets. There is also a big parade and people dance day and night.
April 1st is April Fool’s Day in Britain. This is a very old tradition from the Middle Ages (between the fifth and fifteenth centuries). At that time the servants were masters for one day of the year. They gave orders to their masters, and their masters had to obey.
Now April Fool’s Day is different. It is a day for jokes and tricks.
There are some British traditions and customs concerning their private life. The British are considered to be the world’s greatest tea drinkers. And so tea is Britain’s favourite drink. The English know how to make tea and what it does for you.
Every country has its drinking habits, some of which are general and obvious, others most peculiar. Most countries also have a national drink. In England the national is beer, and the pub, where people talk, eat, drink, meet their friends and relax.
Manners and Etiquette
Hundreds of years ago, soldiers began this custom. They shook hands to show that they did not have a sword. Now, shaking hands is a custom in most countries.
Englishmen shake hands only when they are introduced, or after a long absence.
Victorian England made nearly as many rules about hand shaking as the Chinese did about bowing. A man could not offer his hand first a lady; young ladies did not shake men’s hands at all unless they were old friends; married ladies could offer their hands in a room, but not in public, where they would bow slightly.