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Методика преподавания

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Основной задачей системы образования сегодня является обучение молодого поколения иностранным языкам, кардинальное совершенствование системы подготовки специалистов, владеющих этими языками, путем внедрения передовых методов обучения с использованием современных педагогических и информационно-коммуникационных технологий.,
Одним из четырех навыков, необходимых для изучения языка (аудирование, говорение, чтение и письмо), является письмо. Письмо - это система письменных знаков, представляющих звуки, слоги или слова, состоящая из различных механизмов - заглавных букв, орфографии и пунктуации, формы и функции слова. Письмо представляет собой сложную познавательную деятельность, в которой писатель обязан одновременно демонстрировать контроль над переменными. На уровне предложений они включают контроль содержания, формата, структуры предложения, словарного запаса, правописания и формирования букв.

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«Методика преподавания»

Ways of  developing  students' writing skills in  elementary school Done by: Ganiyeva Sh.

Ways of developing students' writing skills in elementary school

Done by: Ganiyeva Sh.

Introduction Peculiarities of teaching English to primary school-age students 1 Methods of teaching writing skills 2 Advantages and disadvantages 3 Teaching writing through games 4 Conclusion 5

Introduction

Peculiarities of teaching English to

primary school-age students

1

Methods of teaching writing skills

2

Advantages and disadvantages

3

Teaching writing through games

4

Conclusion

5

Normal handwriting development Aged 5-7 Aged 7-10 • Development of a dominant hand • Development of cursive writing • Print letters and numbers begin to form words • By 10 years – producing fluent cursive writing accurately within the lines • By 7 years – remain in print writing but neatly within the lines • Accurately use scissors • Draw accurate pictures of person, objects

Normal handwriting development

Aged 5-7

Aged 7-10

• Development of a dominant hand

• Development of cursive writing

• Print letters and numbers begin to form words

• By 10 years – producing fluent cursive writing accurately within the lines

• By 7 years – remain in print writing but neatly within the lines

• Accurately use scissors

• Draw accurate pictures of person, objects

How do most people hold the pencil 3 finger tripod • 4 Finger Grip Thumb wrap/middle finger guide

How do most people hold the pencil

  • 3 finger tripod

4 Finger Grip Thumb wrap/middle finger guide

  • 4 Finger Grip
  • Tripod
Importance of Good Sitting Posture Start with Stability In therapy we talk about the 90-90-90 rule . This means that when seated at a desk, we want to ensure the following: • Feet flat on the floor 90 degrees at ankles • Knees bent at 90 degrees • Hips at 90 degrees The top of the desk should be approximately 2 inches above the elbows when the arms are  bent at the student’s side. This will ensure that the child’s neck, shoulders, arms, hands and fingers are relaxed.

Importance of Good Sitting Posture

Start with Stability

In therapy we talk about the 90-90-90 rule .

This means that when seated at a desk, we want

to ensure the following:

• Feet flat on the floor 90 degrees at ankles

• Knees bent at 90 degrees

• Hips at 90 degrees

  • The top of the desk

should be approximately 2 inches

above the elbows when the arms are

bent at the student’s side.

This will ensure that the child’s neck,

shoulders, arms, hands and fingers are relaxed.

Writing Tools that Facilitate a Good Grasp PENCILS/CRAYONS: • Use SHORT and FAT crayons/pencils • Build up with wikkistix • Break crayons

Writing Tools that Facilitate a Good Grasp

PENCILS/CRAYONS:

• Use SHORT and FAT crayons/pencils

• Build up with wikkistix

• Break crayons

Writing Tools that Facilitate a Good Grasp GRIPPERS: Use grippers on pencils to facilitate finger placement Use winged grippers for children who cross their thumb over the pencil

Writing Tools that Facilitate a Good Grasp

GRIPPERS:

  • Use grippers on pencils to facilitate

finger placement

  • Use winged grippers for

children who cross their thumb

over the pencil

  • Try different grippers
The Writing Surface Use dry erase boards to teach formation of letters then practice on paper  Use paper with clear defined lines  Make boxes where you want children to write. One letter per box to one word per box.

The Writing Surface

  • Use dry erase boards to teach formation

of letters then practice on paper

  • Use paper with clear defined lines
  • Make boxes where you want

children to write.

  • One letter per box to one

word per box.

Teaching Letter Formation • Go from TRACE to COPY to WRITE • Trace a highlighted letter rather than dotted. • Have children copy a word exactly UNDER the sample. • All letters are formed from TOP to BOTTOM and LEFT to RIGHT. (Left handed children can go from right to left)

Teaching Letter Formation

• Go from TRACE to COPY to WRITE

• Trace a highlighted letter rather than dotted.

• Have children copy a word exactly UNDER the sample.

• All letters are formed from TOP to BOTTOM and LEFT to RIGHT. (Left handed children can go from right to left)

• Adopt an eclectic approach to teaching handwriting. (HWT is a framework and guideline…some children need more than that) • Letters are a combination of a few basic strokes. Teach the strokes first. Make them “feel” the difference • For very young children I start by teaching them basic strokes and I like to add a sound to each stroke (Based on ABC Boom) • Make writing fun with a multisensory approach sand, rice, shaving cream, paint, stickers, blocks, yarn, wikkistix, textured surfaces etc…

• Adopt an eclectic approach to teaching handwriting. (HWT is a framework and guideline…some children need more than that)

• Letters are a combination of a few basic strokes. Teach the strokes first. Make them “feel” the difference

• For very young children I start by teaching them basic strokes and I like to add a sound to each stroke (Based on ABC Boom)

• Make writing fun with a multisensory approach sand, rice, shaving cream, paint, stickers, blocks, yarn, wikkistix, textured surfaces etc…

From Handwriting without Tears • From HWT I use the formation of the letters and the order of the letters. First teach letters with vertical and horizontals: L F E H T I Then teach circular letters: U C O Q G S J D P B R Lastly teach letters with diagonals: K A M N V W X Y Z • Teach formation of uppercase letters first then graduate to lowercase letters. • However I like to teach the CONCEPT of upper and lower case letters from the very beginning.

From Handwriting without Tears

• From HWT I use the formation of the letters and the order of the letters. First teach letters with vertical and horizontals: L F E H T I Then teach circular letters: U C O Q G S J D P B R Lastly teach letters with diagonals: K A M N V W X Y Z

• Teach formation of uppercase letters first then graduate to lowercase letters.

• However I like to teach the CONCEPT of upper and lower case letters from the very beginning.

Stages of writing • Stage-1:Brainstorming • Stage-2: Planning/Structuring • Stage-3: Mind mapping. • Stage-4: Writing the first draft • Stage-5: Peer feedback • Stage-6: Editing • Stage-7: Final draft

Stages of writing

• Stage-1:Brainstorming

• Stage-2: Planning/Structuring

• Stage-3: Mind mapping.

• Stage-4: Writing the first draft

• Stage-5: Peer feedback

• Stage-6: Editing

• Stage-7: Final draft

  • Stage-8: Evaluation and teachers’ feedback.
Methods of teaching writing

Methods of teaching writing

  • Zaitsev's method
  • Doman's methodology
  • Playing method
  • Creative method
  • Project method
  • Combined method
14 ACTIVITIES TO IMPROVE KIDS’ WRITING SKILLS

14 ACTIVITIES TO IMPROVE KIDS’ WRITING SKILLS

  • CONNECT THEIR INTERESTS
  • CREATE STORY PROMPTS
  • MODEL IT
  • USE TECHNOLOGY TO YOUR ADVANTAGE
  • MAKE IT PART OF YOUR DAILY ROUTINE
  • PRAISE THEIR WORK
  • READ UP
  • MAKE IT FUN!
  • CREATE WRITING WORKSHEETS
  • TRY DIFFERENT MATERIALS
  • WRITE LETTERS
  • ENCOURAGE JOURNALLING
  • CREATE A WRITING SPACE
  • INVEST TIME
Conclusion

Conclusion

  • To sum up, writing isn’t rocket science. It’s a basic skill that can be practiced over and over again. With your help, your students can become better and better as the time passes. As mentioned earlier, you play a huge role in their education and in their skills development process.
  • The moment you decide that you want to take a bigger responsibility concerning your student’s writing aptitudes, you will be one step closer to what you want to achieve with them. Try different types of motivation techniques and instructions, and observe what’s working best for your students. You CAN truly make a difference, and you should!
Any Questions?

Any Questions?

Thank you for attention!!!

Thank you for attention!!!


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Предмет: Английский язык

Категория: Презентации

Целевая аудитория: 2 класс

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Методика преподавания

Автор: Ganiyeva Shaxnoza Ziyavitdinovna

Дата: 04.02.2020

Номер свидетельства: 538403

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