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«План урока Обычаи в разных странах»
Обычаи в разных странах.
Развитие навыков чтения вслух и про себя.
Развитие навыков устной речи.
Совершенствование грамматических навыков.
Пополнение лексического запаса.
ЗАДАНИЯ К ПРАКТИЧЕСКИМ ЗАНЯТИЯМ, КОТОРЫЕ НУЖНО ВЫПОЛНИТЬ СТУДЕНТАМ
Выполнение упражнений по теме урока.
1. Match the words with the photos above
A handshake// a wave//a bow//a kiss//a present or gift
2 a. Try to complete the sentence with the correct form of the verbs.
to shake hands with//to wave // to bow//to kiss// to give a present or gift
In Japan you should give a present using both hands
In most countries people____when they say goodbye.
In most Western countries, people usually____when they meet in a business situation.
In Asia, people usually______when they meet in a business situation.
In the UK men don’t_____on the cheeks when they meet in a business situation.
2 b Listen, repeat and check your answers to ex 2a
In most countries people_wave___when they say goodbye.
In most Western countries, people usually_shake hands___when they meet in a business situation.
In Asia, people usually_bow_____when they meet in a business situation.
In the UK men don’t_kiss on the cheeks____on the cheeks when they meet in a business situation.
Which of the customs above are true in your country?
Work in two groups.
Group A Read the text below. Which of the things in ex 2 are mentioned in your text?
Group A read the text again. What is the significance of the following?
Pens//four flowers// a clock//silver goods//a leather briefcase//red flowers
ADVICE FOR UK BUSINESS TRAVELERS
Unlike the UK gift giving is very important in Japan and is usually happens at the end of the visit. Pens are a good idea or something not available in Japan. If you give flowers, avoid giving 4 or 9 flowers as these are unlucky numbers.
Chinese people will probably refuse your gift several times, but it is polite to continue offering it to them. Do not give clocks to Chinese people as the Chinese word for ‘clock’ is similar to the word for ‘death’.
Give gifts of highest quality leather, silver or crystal. Remember to avoid alcohol or leather from pigs.
Gift giving is less formal in South America but still an important part of culture. Avoid leather as many of the world’s leather products come from South America.
Australia, Canada. USA and Europe
Give giving in these countries is informal and not always expected. However, it is polite to bring someone flowers, Chocolates or wine when visiting their house. In some European countries, you should avoid red flowers (associated with romance)
Group B Group B read the text below. Which of the things in ex 2 are mentioned in your text?
Read the text again. What is the significance of the following?
ADVICE FOR UK BUSINESS TRAVELLERS
Forms of address
In most countries, business people use surnames when they talk to each other. In some countries (e.g. Germany and Switzerland) business people use surnames even when they know each other well. To be safe, continue using someone’s surname until he/she asks you to use his/her first name.
People in South America and Southern Europe stand quite close to each other while talking-about 60 cm apart, while in the Middle East they sometimes stand even closer-less than 30 cm apart. People from Northern Europe and the USA stand further apart and feel uncomfortable if you stand too close. Their preferred distance is 75 to 90 cm apart.
In most countries people shake hands when they meet in business situations. You should be careful that your handshake is not too strong or too weak. In Asia, the main form of greeting is the bow. When greeting Westerners many Asians follow the bow with a handshake. Even in countries where it is common to kiss (e.g. Italy and Russia) it usually only for people who know each other well.
Work with a student who read the text A. Answer your partners questions about the text.
Now ask your partner about his/her text.1 When should you give presents in Japan?
2 What kind of gift should you give in Japan?
3 Is it OK to give 4 flowers in Japan?
4 Is it OK to give clocks in China?
5 Why should you be careful with leather products in South America?
6 Is it always OK to give flowers in Europe?
B Work with a student who read text B. Ask these questions about his/her text.
Should you use first names in Germany?
In which part of the world do people stand closest to each other?
Why don’t American people like you to stand too close to them?
Should you show how strong you are when you shake hands?
Do ancient people ever shake hands?
Do business people kiss each other in Russia?
Now answer your partner’s questions about your text.
Read the saying below and discuss the questions.
‘When in Roman do as Romans do’
What does the saying mean?
Do you agree with it? Why? Why not?
IV. Подведение итогов урока и задание на дом.
Prepare to talk about customs in your country (or a country you know well). Think about the topics below.
Visiting someone’s house
An important national festival
Use the following
The British// the young// the rich//tend to talk about…// …don’t generally give gifts…