Урок-путешествие по теме «Лондон и его достопримечательности».
Цель: обобщение материала по теме: «Лондон и его достопримечательности»
• обучающие: развивать умения и навыки монологической и диалогической речи; закрепить лексику;
• развивающие: развивать память и мышление учащихся; тренировать их внимание;
• воспитательные: прививать интерес к культуре, традициям, достопримечательностям стран изучаемого языка.
Оборудование: интерактивная доска, карта Лондона, карточки для викторины,
фотографии с достопримечательностями Лондона.
I. Организационный момент. (Сообщение темы и целей урока.)
Teacher: We’ve got an unusual lesson today – a tour around London. We are going to speak about London and its most famous sights. Our lesson is divided into several parts. We’ll revise places of interest in London, make up some dialogues, and speak about the history of London. Do you like our plan? So let’s start.
This is the motto of our lesson:
The more you live,
The more you travel,
The more you travel,
The more you see,
The more you see,
The more you learn
And this is the epigraph of our lesson:
“The world is a book and those who don’t travel read only one page”
II. Фонетическая разминка
Teacher: Today we’ll speak about sightseeing and important things of London. You will introduce with them on our lesson. Look at the blackboard and read the proverb:
Pupils: If you’re tired of London – you’re tired of life.
Teacher: Let’s discuss this proverb. What can you say about this proverb, children?
Pupil 1: I think there is no such person who does not like to see this old city.
Pupil 2: I would really like to see the old castles.
Pupil 3: One who is tired of London he is just a boring person.
Teacher: Would you like to go to Britain?
Pupil 2: Yes, I would.
Teacher: Why would you like to go to Britain?
Pupil 2: I think Britain is an attractive land. I’d like to see Big Ben.
Teacher: Would you like to visit London?
Pupil 3: Yes, I would.
Teacher: What places would you like to visit in London?
Pupil 3: I’d like to see parks, gardens and museums.
Teacher: Why would you like to see them?
Pupil 3: I see they are very beautiful.
Teacher: What places would you like to see there?
Pupil 4: I’d like to visit Trafalgar Square and the Tower of London. I think they are attractive.
Teacher: Thank you. London is a very beautiful city. Let’s read poems about London.
P1: London is the capital of Great Britain,
London is a beautiful city,
London is a dream of all the people,
and London is my dream!
P2: London is the ancient City,
Where there are a lot of streets and squares;
I don’t forget you, London,
The city of lights and affairs!
P3: On the River Thames
The city London lives,
With a Clock of Big Ben
And a happy end!
P4: London is a big city,
There are clouds above the head,
There is a ground under the foot,
And people live there very good!
III. «Мозговой штурм».
Teacher: You can see some key words on the blackboard. Read them, use them and say a few words on each of these topics.
P1: London’s history began with the Romans. They built a town on the River Thames. The name of the town was Londinium. By the year 400, there were fifty thousand people in Londinium. Until 1749, there was only one bridge over the river: London’s bridge.
P2: At the beginning of the 11th century England was already a big country and London was a very important city. In 1066 William the Conqueror went to England from Normandy in France. He became King of England but he was afraid of the English and built the White Tower. In 1666 there was the Great Fire of London. After it people built a new city. By 1830 there were more than one and a half million people in London.
P3: London is the capital of England. The heart of London is the City. It is the oldest part of London. You can visit some interesting places in the City or near it. One of them is the Tower of London. Not far from the Tower of London is St. Paul’s Cathedral. It is one of the greatest churches. It was built by Sir Christopher Wren.
IV. Ролевая игра: «В туристическом агентстве».
Teacher: Well, my friends. We see you know the history of London very well. And now imagine you are at a Tourist Information Office.
P2, P3: Hello!
P1: Can I help you?
P2: Have you got a map of London, please?
P1: Yes, here you are.
P2: Thank you. (Рассматривает карту.)
P3: Could you give us some information about London’s most famous sights?
P1: What have you already seen?
P3: We haven’t seen anything yet.
P1: Have a look at these leaflets and choose what you like.
P2: Oh, the leaflets are very nice.
P3: And the tours are very interesting too: Trafalgar Square, Madam Tussaud’s. I’d like to begin with a London sightseeing tour on a double-decker bus.
P1: OK. Have a good day!
P2, P3: Thank you. Good bye!
P1: Good bye!
V. Заочное путешествие по Лондону.
Teacher: Well done. And now we have «London Sightseeing Tour on a red double-decker bus».
Teacher: Ladies and gentlemen! I welcome you to London. Let me introduce myself. I’m your group leader. My name is … . I’m glad to meet you on this double-decker bus.
Примерный маршрут и ответы учащихся:
P1: London is the capital of the United Kingdom and the centre of the Commonwealth.
It is one of the largest cities of the world. It stands on the river Thames. London is more than two thousand years old. London’s most famous sights are: Tower Bridge, Big Ben, the Houses of Parliament, Trafalgar Square. You’ll see these places from our red double-decker.
P2: We start from Trafalgar Square. Trafalgar Square is the main square of London. In the centre of the square there is a big monument. At the top of the column there is a statue of Admiral Nelson who defeated the French at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.
P3: Now we are coming to Piccadilly Circus. It is a famous London landmark and meeting place. There is a bronze fountain in its centre with famous statue of Eros, the Greek god of love. Look right. We are passing Hyde Park. In the park anyone can stand up and say what they want. It is a very democratic park.
P4: Now we are at Buckingham Palace. It is the London home of the Queen. It is a wonderful building with a monument in front of it which is the Queen Victoria Memorial.
P5: On the left you can see a long grey building. Look at its towers. They are the Houses of Parliament. The large clock in one of the towers is Big Ben. Big Ben is one of London’s most famous landmarks. In fact, it is not the name of the clock on the Tower of Westminster, but it is the nickname of the bell inside.
P6: On the other side of Parliament Square you can see Westminster Abbey. It is one of the most famous and beautiful churches in London. Many English kings and queens are buried there. Westminster Abbey is famous for the Poet’s Corner too.
P7: Now we are crossing Tower Bridge. From here you can see the Tower of London.
It was a fortress, a royal palace and later a prison. It is a museum now.
P8: We are making our way to the second famous church, St. Paul’s Cathedral. It is the greatest work of the architect Sir Christopher Wren.
We’ll stop at Fleet Street. You can go shopping. Our tour has finished. I hope you have enjoyed this tour. Thank you and good bye!
VI. Тест о Лондоне.
Teacher: Now we’ll have a test. It is about London and its sights. Match the pictures with their description.
1. This large clock is one of the towers of the Houses of Parliament. You can hear the sound of it every hour in London. The clock got its name after Sir Benjamin Hall. (Big Ben)
2. It is a small street where the British Prime Minister lives. He lives at number 10. (Downing Street)
3. This church is in the City. Sir Ch. Wren is buried under the dome. It is his masterpiece. (St. Paul’s Cathedral)
4. It was a prison, a palace, a fortress, the King’s Zoo. But now it is a museum. (the Tower of London)
5. It is one of the best picture galleries of the world. There are two beautiful fountains in front of it. It is situated in Trafalgar Square. (the National Gallery)
(На доске слово – London, учащиеся по очереди пишут слова вокруг, которые возникают у них по ассоциации).
Teacher: Now we’ll play a little. You will write on the blackboard the words associated with the word «London».
VIII. Викторина о Лондоне.
Teacher: And now our Quiz.
1.When did William the Conqueror come to London? (In 1066)
2.Where did he come from? (From Normandy)
3.Why did he build the White Tower? (He was afraid of the English)
4.When was the Great Fire of London? (In 1666)
5.Can you name London’s parks? (Hyde Park, Holland Park, St. James’s Park, Green Park)
6.Can you name the parts of London? (The City, The East End, The West End )
7.On what river is London situated? (On the river Thames)
8.What is the centre of London? (Trafalgar Square)
9.What is the political centre of London? (Westminster)
10. I’ll give you short pieces of information. But each text has some gaps. Fill in the gaps with the proper words and tell the class your information about the Tower of London.
It is situated on the bank of the T_ _ _ _ s, so you can see it from the river and from the Tower.
B _ _ _ _ e. It is very old and has a long history. It was built in the 11th century. In the past it was used as a fortress, a p _ _ _ _ e and a state p _ _ _ _ n.
(Thames, Bridge, palace, prison)
It is not just one building. The tall building is the White T _ _ _ r, the oldest part of the Tower of L _ _ _ _ n. The B _ _ _ _ y Tower is near the river. You do not see blood there today. But the Bloody Tower has a h _ _ _ _ _ y of blood – the blood of men, women and even children.
(Tower, London, Bloody, history)
IX. Let's play the game "Agree and disagree". Listen to my sentences, please. Agree or disagree with the statements.
? Trafalgar Square is in London. +
? Moscow is the capital of the UK. –
? Moscow is different from London. +
? London is the biggest city of the UK. +
? There are a lot of places to visit in London. +
? London is the most interesting and famous cities in Europe. +
? There are no Art galleries in the capital of the UK. –
? London is not a beautiful city. –
Watch a film about London.
X. Подведение итогов.
Teacher: Dear boys and girls! Thank you for your preparation and your activity at the lesson. I was greatly impressed with your answers. Your home task will be to write a short story «My Visit to London».