Саба?ты? та?ырыбы: Экологиялы? проблемалар
Саба?ты? ма?саты: экология та?ырыбында жа?а с?здермен, м?тінмен
таныстыра отырып, о?ушыларды? с?йлеу да?дысын дамыту
Саба?ты? міндеттері: Экология та?ырыбында білімдерін ке?ейту;
М?тін мен лексика негізінде тіл байлы?ын дамыту;
?атесіз о?у?а ж?не жазу?а, ?з ойларын жеткізуге
Саба?ты? к?рнекілігі: интерактивті та?та, таратпа ?а?аздар,о?улы? ж?не
Арал те?ізіне арнал?ан суреттер мен слайдтар
- Good afternoon, children?
- What date is it, today?
- Who is absent?
- O.K. What was your home task for today?
- Ex.1 p.66 To learn by heart “The Environment and You”
- Who are ready, please come here.
Now open your books at p.69 and our new theme is
“The Problem of Ecology”
Our new words:
industrialization n. – индустрияландыру, ?нерк?сіптендіру -means developing machinery, building many factories and mills;
threat n. – ?ауіп -is an expression of an intention to hurt, to punish, to do harm somebody;
threaten v. – ?ауіп т?ну- means to express a threat against someone;
deprive [di'praiv], v. – айыру - means to take away from; prevent from using; She has been deprived of sight for some years.
The Problem of Ecology
Many people are concerned about ecology today because it is of vital importance for humanity. Everybody is talking about pollution nowadays; land pollution, water pollution, air pollution. The things we eat, the places we live in and the air around us are made dirty and unhealthy by machines and factories. Pollution is the result of indusrialization and it threatens everything living: plants, animals, people. It is dangerous for life.
Pollution deprives people of fresh air, clear water and healthy food. The examples are numerous: the waters of the Aral Sea are polluted and it became much less than some years ago, the Caspian sea becomes smaller too, people from Semey suffer from radioactivity.
International cooperation of scientists in enviromental protection has already begun its work. People demand to stop bomb testing and arms race. They want to protect their future.
I. What do you think?
1. Do you think that people should try to preserve national resources?
2. Why do you think that the problem of pollution worries the people of our country?
3. How do you think we should fight pollution of air and water, soil and forests?
4. Do you agree with the statement that most people understand the problem of pollution?
II. Read the sentences below which will tell you what we should and shouldn’t do to protect our environment.
• We should learn how to become environment educated people.
• We should preserve natural resources.
• We should use less energy — petrol, electricity and gas.
• We should use renewable energy such as solar power and wind power.
• We should take care of living things and help damaged birds and animals.
• We should protect woods and forests.
• We shouldn’t pollute the atmosphere on the land or on the sea.
• We shouldn’t set fields and forests on fire.
• We shoudn’t cut down trees around our houses and villages.
• We shouldn’t use so many chemicals on the land or in our food.
III. Work in pairs and discuss: What should we do to improve ecology in our city (village)?
IV. Let’s talk about environment.
T: Kate, what will you do if you want to protect nature?
Kate: Oh, I’ll try to be an environment-educated person.
T: Right. But what will you do if you see your environment is polluted? Kate: Oh, I’ll call my friends to make it clean.
T: Aidar, what will you do if you know that the lake near your village is polluted with oil?
Aidar: You see, teacher, I’ll try to inform the people of our village about it. T: Right, Asel, what will you do if you see that the wood is set on fire?
Asel: I’ll do the same thing. I’ll inform our people.
T: Right, Mariam, what will you do if you come across a wounded bird?
Mariam: Oh, I’ll try to help it.
T: What will you do if you are not able to help it?
Mariam: Oh, I’ll find somebody who knows how to do it.
T: Right. Thanks a lot.
V. Listen to the story “Save the Aral Sea” and answer the questions:
This was once the shoreline of the Aral Sea
The incredible, shrinking Aral Sea (Арал Те?ізі, Aral Tengizi, Orol dengizi, Аральскοе мοре)
is a landlocked sea- really a lake- in Central Asia, lying between between Kazakhstan and
Uzbekistan in the middle of a semi-arid and desert region. It is/was generally a very shallow lake
with a maximum depth of only 180 feet.
Since the 1960s the Aral Sea has been shrinking as the rivers that feed it (the Amu Darya and
the Syr Darya) were diverted for irrigation purposes. In addition, what is left of the Aral Sea is
heavily polluted from fertilizer run-off, industrial discharges and even weapons testing residue.
The result of the “sea shrinkage” is an environmental and economic disaster. (The Aral Sea
problem is much covered on the web, and you can find plenty of images and information.)
Dating back to the early years of the Bolshevik regime, the government wanted to use the
Amu Darya and the Syr Darya Rivers to irrigate the Central Asian desert, hopefully to expand
agriculture, especially the cultivation of cotton which could then be exported for cash. It was
under Stalin in the 1930s that irrigation canals began to be dug. These canals, such as the
Qaraqum (Karakum) Canal, the largest in the world, were greatly expanded through the 1950s.
That is when the trouble started. By the 1960s a significant portion of the inflow to the Aral Sea
had been diverted, and the Sea began to shrink—what made the situation even worse was the
fact that because of the poor construction of the irrigation canals anywhere from thirty to seventy
percent of the canal water leaked out and was wasted.
1.In which time the Aral Sea has been shrinking as the rivers
2. What the government wanted to use the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya Rivers?
3. Where was it in the 1930s that irrigation canals began to be dug?
Complete the sentences:
1. Since the 1960s the Aral Sea has been ………….as the rivers that feed it (the Amu Darya and
the Syr Darya) were diverted for irrigation purposes.
2. In addition, what is left of the Aral Sea is ……… polluted from ………run-off, industrial
discharges and even weapons testing residue.
3. The result of the “sea shrinkage” is an ……….and economic disaster.
4. It was under Stalin in the ………..that irrigation canals began to be dug.
5. That is when the ……..started.
VI. Now let’s complete the diagram about the “The Problem of Ecology”
VII. Take your home task: Ex 3 and 4 p. 70
VIII. Give me your diary, please.
- The lesson is over, good bye children!