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(21-25) 4 Тренировочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

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Одно из сложных заданий - образование дериватов от данных слов для заполнения пропусков в тексте- требует не только знаний словообразования и грамматического материала, но и развития языковой и контекстуальной догадки - составляющих лингвистической компетенции. Я рекомендую использовать материалы тестов для отработки навыков и умений. а не для контрольных и проверочных работ, обращаться к заданиям для дифференцированной работы с учащимися с учётом их личных достижений и затруднений.

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«(21-25) 4 Тренировочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ»

Test 21

Прочитайте текст. Установите соответствие между заголовками A-E и пронумерованными абзацами текста 1-4. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

  1. A Moveable Construction

  2. The Place to remember Heroes

  3. The Monument of the Past

  4. The Heart of London

  5. The Royal Residence

    1. Hadrian’s Wall is the most important monument built by the Romans in Britain. It was a fortification ( укрепление) in Roman Britain, 120 km long from the North Sea in the east to the Irish Sea in the west. The Romans began building it in AD 122, during the rule of Emperor Hadrian. Hadrian worked on reforms and united the Roman provinces. He built the wall to keep Roman Britain safe from attacks. For much of its length, you can walk on foot or go by bike by Hadrian’s Wall Path. It is the most popular tourist attraction in Northern England.

    2. Buckingham Palace is the Queen’s official and main royal London home and workplace. It is situated in Westminster. The palace is a setting for state occasions. The building was for the Duke of Buckingham in 1705. George III bought it in 1761 as a private residence for Queen Charlotte, and it was known as “The Queen‘s House”. Buckingham Palace finally became the official royal there in 1837. Buckingham Palace is used also for the administrative work for the monarchy. It is here in the state apartments that Her Majesty receives and entertains guests invited to the Palace.

    3. London’s Tower Bridge is one of the most famous bridges in the world. The east of London became extremely crowded in the 19th century and a bridge across the Thames in that part of the city was a necessity. On June 30th, 1894, the Tower Bridge was opened by King Edward VII. The design of the Tower Bridge was done by Horace Jones and Wolfe Barry. The architects decided to create a moveable bridge to allow big ships to pass. The mechanism to open the bridge is in the two towers. The middle part of the bridge is lifted up when big ships pass through that way. In the past, the bridge was lifted nearly 50 times per day.

    4. The Cenotaph is a war memorial situated in Whitehall, London. It was built as a temporary structure for a peace parade at the end of World War I. later a war memorial replaced it. Each year a National Service is held there on Sunday, the nearest Sunday to 11 November (Armistice Day) to remember soldiers who died in the two World Wars and later conflicts. The monarch, religious leaders, politicians come to pay respect to those who gave their lives defending others. Everybody observes two-minute silence. The ceremony ends with a march of war veterans, a gesture of respect for their fallen comrades.

Прочитайте текст. Используйте слова, написанные в скобках, для образования слов так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста.

“Daddy, let’s order a pizza,” Billy (5)___(say). They (6)___(look) at the menu they (7)___(have) at home. Billy wanted a large pizza with four toppings; cheese, pepperoni, ham, and pineapple. ‘If they (8)___(not have)pineapple I (9)___(take) sausage’ about 30 minutes later, there (10)___(be) a knock on the door. ‘Here’s your pizza,’ the pizza man (11)___(tell) Billy’s dad. Dad (12)___(pay) the pizza man and (13)___(give) him a tip. Dad (14)___(take) the pizza to the living room.

(15)___(get) any kind of role in a movie is a dream for an actor, especially the lead role, which leads to the (16)___(nominate) of Hollywood’s (17)___(prestige) Oscar award. That is (18)___(exact) what is happening with the leads star of Beasts of the Southern Wild – nine-year-old, Quvenzhane Wallis. Wallis was just five years old and the (19)____(make film) were looking for kids between the ages of 6-9. The youngster was so (20)___(talent) and (21)___(success) in her portrayal of the character of Hushpuppy that age became (22)___-(important). So how is little Wallis coping with all this fame? Like a real (23)___(profession). She seems to be enjoying the media attention.









































Test 22

Закончи предложения.

Knowing what to do during a fire in your home is important to survive. Here are the basics of what to do.

    1. React to the smoke alarm. If you hear your smoke detector or alarm going off, get out of bed, wrap yourself in a blanket if there’s one handy and get out of there1 don’t take the time to tie your shoes.

    2. Feel the door. If your door is closed, feel it for heat with the back of your hand. If you feel down towards the bottom of the door and it is really cool, that’s good. Open it slowly. If there is a lot of smoke and it goes up towards the ceiling area, stay lower to the ground and crawl to get yourself out. Wake everyone up, get the kids out of bed, and get outside as quickly as you can. If you feel the door and it is hot, there is a lot of heat on the other side. Don’t open it; go to the window and try to get out of the house that way.

    3. Protect yourself from smoke inhalation when inside. Take a T-shirt or a rag and wet it. Place it over your nose and mouth if you have to walk by or through a heavily smoke-filled room. Smoke inhalation can make you disoriented or you can become unconscious.

    4. Have a pre-determined meeting place for all family members. If anybody is missing, tell the fire brigade immediately on their arrival. Re-enter the building only if it is safe to do so.

    5. Call your local emergency services number. Call 911 in North America, 000 in Australia, 111 in New Zealand and 999 in the UK or 112 from your mobile, it is the emergency number in all of Europe.

    6. Get away from the structure. Keep a safe distance between you and the fire. Check yourself and family members to make sure that there are no injuries. If there are, do what you can and when the fire department arrives, you can ask for directions and help.

1If you feel the smoke____

  1. Stay in your room until the fire brigade comes

  2. Put on what is handy and quickly leave the room

  3. Get fully dressed before getting out

2 If the closed door to your room is hot_____.

  1. Open it to cool the door

  2. Wrap yourself in the blanket to get out

  3. Find another way out

3If the door is cool and there is only smoke_____

  1. Go slowly out

  2. Stay in your room

  3. Keep to floor and get out crawling

4To protect yourself from smoke inhalation you must_____

  1. Wash your face

  2. Put wet material on your nose and mouth

  3. Drink a lot of water

5 If somebody is still inside the house___

  1. Run back to help

  2. Call them loudly to check

  3. Inform the fire brigade

6 When you get out you must____

  1. Stay at a good distance from the house

  2. Take pictures of the house

  3. Try to save your belongings

Прочитайте текст. Используйте слова, написанные в скобках, для образования слов так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста.

Master Fox once (7)___(see) a Crow fly off with a piece of cheese in its beak and sit on a branch of a tree. “That’s for (8)____(I), as I am a Fox,” said Master Fox, and he walked up to the foot of the tree. “Good day, Mistress crow,’ he (9)____(cry). “How well you (10)___(look) today; how bright your eyes are. I feel sure your voice must be (11)___(good) than that of other birds, just as your figure (12)___(do); let (13)___(I) hear but one song from you that I may greet you as the Queen of birds.’ The Crow (14)___(begin) to sing (15)___(she) (16)____(good), but the moment she opened her mouth the piece of cheese (17)____(fall) to the ground, the Fox (18)___(jump) and (19)___(catch) it.

Facebook (20)___(create)

Time Magazine named Mark Zuckerberg, the (21)____(found) of Facebook, Person of the year. Zuckerberg is the second-youngest (22)____(win). He won the award for (23)___(collect) 12 percent of the planet on his social networking site. This is an (24)___(impress) statistic. The Time representative said, “Mr Zuckerberg is very (25)___(optimism), he sees the world as (26)___(fill) with potential friends.” Mr Zuckerberg responded, (27)___(natural) on his Facebook page;”Being (28)____(name) as Time Person of the Year is a real honor and (29)___(recognize) of how our little team is building something that hundreds of millions of people want to use to make the world more open and (30)___(connect).”





















Test 23

Отметьте предложения как правильные (True), неправильные (False) или «об этом не было речи»(Not stated-NS).

After years of discussing moving to the country, we found a cottage on the bank of a river. There was a studio where I could paint – my old dream a year later, the cottage was transformed into a beach style house. Light came in through huge glass windows and as I looked out on the river that ran past our door, I felt happy. It was only a mile walk to the town. There was a station with a connection to London and fantastic English countryside right on our doorstep. I threw myself into country life, taking the dog for walking in fields and woods, writing for the regional newspaper and painting. Jim found a new job in Cambridge and I as a writer could work at home. We really lived our dream. It was during our third winter that I realized how I felt about the different contact we now had with our children. We still spoke and emailed, but meeting my daughter for a coffee meant a three-hour drive. Then there were the old friends who we missed. We made friends in Suffolk, but most new people were older or much younger with growing families. I discovered how lonely you can be even when you know a lot of people. I felt empty. I didn’t see the beauty of the countryside any more. It was my daughter, visiting for a weekend, who noticed my melancholy mood. ‘Why not sell up and move back to live in the flat?” she said. It seemed such a simple solution. Jim felt the same. We sold the house and set about returning to London. We love being back home in the city, with our family. We don’t regret our country adventure. One thing we have learnt is that location isn’t everything - it’s people that count.

      1. The lady’s dream was to write novels in the countryside_______.

      2. They loved their new house because it was modern and close to Nature____.

      3. Their beach style house was too far from London___.

      4. The wife and the husband enjoyed their country life_____.

      5. They often went to London to see their children and friends____.

      6. It took the wife three years to realize how much she missed London life___.

      7. It was impossible to move back to the city____.

      8. Jim and his wife were very happy to return to London___.

      9. They remember their country adventure with pleasure___.

      10. They often go to Suffolk to see their new friends____.

Прочитайте текст. Используйте слова, написанные в скобках, для образования слов так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста.

Experts say there (11)___(be) several ways (12)___(deal) with stress. They include deep breathing and a method of guided thought (13)___(call) meditation. They also include exercise, (14)___(eat) healthy foods, (15)____(get) enough rest and balancing the time on work and play. Doctors say people should limit caffeine in their diets. People who have many drinks with caffeine, like coffee, experience (16)___(much) stress and produce (17)___(many) stress hormones than (18)___(that) who get little caffeine. Experts say exercise is one of the (19)___(effective) stress-reduction measures. Running, walking or playing sports (20)___(cause) physical changes that (21)___(make) you feel better. Experts say keeping stress to yourself can make problems (22)___(bad). They say expressing emotions to friends or family members can help to reduce stress and help you feel (23)___(well) and live (24)___(long).

Lady Gaga

Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta (25)____(good) known by her stage name Lady Gaga, is an (26)___(America) pop singer. After (27)___(perform) in the rock music scene in 2003 she soon signed a contract with Streamline Records. She worked as a (28)___(write song) for a fellow (29)___(art) and caught attention of the recording artist Akon, who recognized her vocal abilities. Gaga became (30)___(fame) after her first album The Fame (2008), which was very (31)___(success): the album was number one on the record charts of six countries. Her (32)___(two) studio album Born This Way, 2011, topped the charts in all major (33)___(music) markets. Inspired by pop (34)___(sing) such as Madonna and Michael Jackson, Gaga is well-recognised for her outré (возмущающий) sense of style in fashion, in (35)___(perform) and in her music videos. She’s got five Grammy Awards.



































Test 24

Закончи предложения.

The Princess and the Pea (after Hans Christian Andersen)

Once upon a time was a prince who wanted to marry a princess, but a real princess. He travelled all over the world to find one, but nowhere could he get what he wanted. There were a lot of princesses, but it was difficult to find out whether they were real ones. There was always something about them that was not as it should be. So he came back home and was sad. One evening a terrible storm came on; there was thunder and lighting, and the rain poured down. Suddenly somebody knocked on the city gate, and the old King went to open it it was a princess standing in front of the gate. But, good gracious! She looked horrible because of the rain and the wind. The water ran down from her hair and clothes. And yet she said that she was a real princess. “Well, we’ll soon find that out”, thought the old Queen. But she said nothing, went into the bedroom, took all the bedding off the bedstead, and laid a pea on the bottom. Then she took twenty mattresses and laid them on the pea, and then twenty blankets on top of the mattresses. On this the princess had to lie all night. In the morning they asked her “How did she sleep?” “Oh, very badly!” she said. “I have scarcely closed my eyes all night. Heaven only knows what was in the bed, but I was lying on something hard, so that I am black and blue all over my body. It’s horrible!” now they knew that she was a real princess because she could feel the pea right through the twenty mattresses and the twenty blankets. Nobody but a real princess could be as sensitive as that. So the Prince took her for his wife, for now he knew that he had a real princess; and they put the pea in the museum, where you may still see it, if no one has stolen it. There, that is a true story.

    1. The Prince wanted to marry a___

  1. Rich princess b) true princess c) foreign princess

    1. The Prince travelled a lot to find his future wife, but_____.

  1. There were no princesses in the countries he visited

  2. He didn’t know how to check if the princess was real

  3. He liked all the princesses he met

    1. The Prince was sad because____

  1. He was tired of travelling

  2. He came back home

  3. He felt lonely

4 The Princess standing by the city gate was______.

  1. All wet b) good and gracious c) sad

5 The old Queen decided to____.

  1. make a soft bed for the princess

  2. check if she was a true princess

  3. help the Prince and Princess to make friends

6 The Queen put a pea_____the mattresses.

  1. Between b) on top of c) under

7 The Princess___at night.

  1. Couldn’t sleep

  2. Closed her eyes and slept well

  3. Counted the mattresses

  1. The Princess_____.

  1. Found the pea under the mattresses

  2. Was uncomfortable to sleep on the bed with the pea under the mattresses

  3. Thanked the Queen for the soft bed

9. The Prince and his family knew that she was a real princess because____.

a) she was black and blue all over her body

b) she was horrible

c) she was unhappy after a sleep on 20 mattresses with a pea under them

10. The Prince’s family thought that real princess____.

a) were very delicate and tender

b) needed twenty mattresses on their bed

c) had to lie on something hard

Прочитайте текст. Используйте слова, написанные в скобках, для образования слов так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста.

Are today’s teenagers really lazy, rude and unhelpful?

We talked to forty teenagers and (11)___(they) parents. We wanted to find out if they got on well. Most of the teenagers said that they (12)____(not be) rebels. For example, Gemma, aged 14, said that she (13)___(not argue) often with her parents she said her mother was her (14)__(close) friend. Several teenagers said they weren’t happy at home, but they also said their (15)___(family) were important to them. Donna, aged 15, said that she (16)___(cannot) talk to her parents about problems because they didn’t understand her. But she said it didn’t worry her because she didn’t spend (17)___(many) time at home.

Figure skating is a (18)___(favour) sport in Russia. (19)___(Russia) people have been going in for figure skating for a long time. This sport appeared in Russia in 1865. Then, a (20)____(skate) rink in Yusupov Park was opened. On March 5, 1878 the rink hosted the first (21)____(compete) of Russian figure (22)___(skate). Many athlets, who studied at (23)___(Russia) skating schools, have become (24)____(fame): Irina Slutskaya, Alexey Yagudin, Evgeniy Pluschenko and many others.











Test 25

Отметьте предложения как правильные (True), неправильные (False) или «об этом не было речи»(Not stated-NS).

Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens)

Samuel Langhorne Clemens was born on November 30, 1835, Missouri, the USA. As a boy he was often sick, but grew to be healthy. He was both adventurous and naughty. He spent much of his time playing along the Mississippi River and in the woods nearby. He used to spend summers on his uncle’s farm where he had a lot of friends. On the farm, he also saw several disturbing incidents, including slave beatings and murder, which he later used as material for his novels. Samuel’s father died in 1847, and he left school and became a printer’s assistant to help to support his family. He left his home in 1853 to continue his printing work in New York, Philadelphia, and other places in the USA. From 1857 until the Civil War started in 1861, he sailed a riverboat on the Mississippi River. After the war, he worked as a reporter under the pseudonym of “Mark Twain”, which was a boating phrase that indicated two fathoms (две сажени) of water. In 1864, he went to San Francisco and wrote for magazines and newspapers. In 1866, he started travelling, visiting Hawaii, Europe, and the Middle East, studying people, gathering material for his writing. In 1870, Samuel married Olivia Langdon. They had a son and three daughters. The family lived in Connecticut from 1871 until 1891. In 1872, he published his first book. In 1876, he published The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, and in 1885, he published The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. These books made his name world famous with children and teenagers. He received honorary degrees from Yale in 1901 and from the University of Missouri in 1902, and he received another honorary degree from Oxford in 1907. On April 21, 1910, Samuel Langhorne Clemens died of angina.

      1. Mark Twain was the original name of the author of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer____.

      2. He was often ill in his childhood but he had no health problems in his adult life._______

      3. His house was on the bank of the Mississippi River._____

      4. His uncle was very cruel to his slaves._____

      5. The impressions of his early days became the basis for many of the writer’s books.____

      6. Samuel graduated from the local university.____

      7. He was a professional printer and then reporter.___

      8. He got his pen name as a writer after the person he admired.___

      9. Mark Twain travelled to thirty countries.____

      10. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn are among famous works of the world literature for children.____

Прочитайте текст. Используйте слова, написанные в скобках, для образования слов так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста.

Kavin Hayes is 18 years old. He loves sport and he has a dangerous hobby. He (11)___(climb) waterfalls! How is this possible? The answer is easy he (12)___(not climb) in the summer, but he climbs in the winter when everything (13)___(freeze). At the moment, Kevin (14)___(make) plans for his next climb. He is going to travel to the Canadian Rockies next January. He wants to climb a big waterfall there. Kevin (15)___(have) to be very fit for his hobby, and he is training this month. Every day he (16)___(run) for an hour and he goes swimming. Many people think Kevin (17)__(be) crazy. “Maybe I am,” he says. “But I just love it!”

Endangered Animals in Kazakhstan: Saiga Antelope

The Saiga is an antelope which (18)___(original) inhabited a vast area of the Eurasian steppe zone in Mongolia. During the Ice Age the Saiga came from the (19)___(Britain) Isles through (20)___(centre) Asia. (21)___(appear): The Saiga (22)___(typical) stands 0.6-0.8 meters at the shoulder and weighs between 36 and 63 kg. They live from 6 to 10 years. Males are bigger than females and only males carry horns. The horns are used in (23)___(China) (24)___(tradition) medicine and for that reason Saiga are now (25)___(danger) by poaching. The Saiga has an (26)___(extreme) (27) (usual), over-sized nose which warms up the air in winter and filters out the dust in summer. Food: Grasses, steppe grasses.



















.



















Test 21: 1- C, 2- E, 3-A, 4- B, 5-said, 6- looked,7- had, 8- don’t have, 9-will take, 10- was, 11- told, 12- paid, 13- gave, 14- took, 15- getting, 16- nomination, 17-prestigious, 18- exactly, 19- makers of the film, 20- talented, 21- successful, 22- not important, 23- professional.

Test 22: 1- b, 2- c, 3-c, 4- b, 5-c, 6- a,7- saw, 8- me, 9-cried, 10- look like, 11- better, 12- does, 13- me, 14- began, 15- her, 16- best, 17-fell, 18- jumped, 19- caught, 20- creation, 21- founder, 22- winner, 23- collection, 24- impressive, 25- optimistic, 26- filled, 27- naturally, 28- named, 29- recognition, 30- connected.

Test 23: 1- F, 2- T, 3-NS, 4- F, 5-F, 6- T,7- F, 8- T, 9-T, 10- NS, 11-are, 12- dealing, 13- called, 14- eating, 15- getting, 16- more, 17-more, 18- those, 19- most effective, 20- causing, 21- making, 22- worse, 23- good, 24- longer, 25- better, 26- American, 27- performing, 28- song writer, 29- artists, 30- famous, 31- successful, 32- second, 33- musical, 34- singer, 35- performances.

Test 24: 1- b, 2- b, 3-c, 4- a, 5-b, 6- c,7- a, 8- b, 9-c, 10- a, 11-their, 12- were not, 13- didn’t argue, 14- closest, 15- families, 16- could not, 17-much, 18- favourite, 19- Russian, 20- skating, 21- competition, 22- skating, 23- Russian, 24- famous.

Test 25: 1- F, 2- T, 3-T, 4- NS, 5-T, 6- NS,7- T, 8- NS, 9-NS, 10- T, 11-climbs, 12- does not climb, 13- is frozen, 14- is making, 15- has, 16-runs, 17-is, 18- originally, 19- British, 20- central, 21- appearance, 22- typically, 23- Chinese, 24- traditional, 25- dangered, 26- extremely, 27- unusual.












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(21-25) 4 Тренировочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

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