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Many thousands of people from different parts of the United States and from many others countries in the world come to New Plymouth and they always go to see the Rock which reaches the sea. They take off their hats, stand there and think about the brave men and women who, more then three hundred years ago, were they had come to begin a new life.
Thanksgiving is America's preeminent day. It is celebrated every year on the fourth Thursday in the month of November. It has a very interesting history. Its origin can be traced back to the 16th century when the first thanksgiving dinner is said to have taken place.
The story started in1620. A group of people decided to leave England and go to leave in America. They wanted to be free to practice their religion. They wanted a new and better life. On the 16th of September they left Plymouth, a port on the south coast of England. Their ship was called « Mayflower » .Their were about a hundred of them.
The pilgrims reached Plymouth rock on December 11th 1620, after a sea journey of 66 days. Though the original destination was somewhere in the northern part of Virginia, they could not reach the place owing to winds blowing them off course.
During the next five weeks the men from the Mayflower left the ship every day. There were looking for a good place to live. The weather was very cold, more and more men fell ill. Nearly 46 pilgrims died due to extreme cold in winter.
The people began to build a village there. By January, 1621, there were already two streets in this village, and they called it ‘New Plymouth’.
One day the people of the village suddenly saw a tall Indian who was walking along the street. They were frightened very much, but this Indian came up to them, smiled and said.
- « Hallo, Yankee! Hallo, Yankee! »
All Indians who came to the village of New Plymouth called the Englishmen ‘Yankee’, and since that time ‘Yankee’ has been the name of a white man in AmericaAt last spring came. The people of New Plymouth began to plant corn, and the Indians showed them how to plant maize.
However, in the spring of 1621, Squanto, a native Indian taught the pilgrims to survive by growing food.
In the autumn of 1621, the crops were very good and the people of New Plymouth held a grand celebration where 90 people were invited including Indians. They asked the Indians to this dinner, and the Indians brought some wild turkeys as a present. The grand feast was organized to thank god for his favors. This communal dinner is popularly known as “The first thanksgiving feast”. There is however, no evidence to prove if the dinner actually took place.
Turkey and First
There is no evidence to prove if the customary turkey was a part of the initial feast. According to the first hand account written by the leader of the colony, the food included, ducks, geese, venison, fish, berries etc.
The turkey was an American bird. Very few people in Europe had ever heard about it, but when they ate it at this dinner they liked it very much.
Pumpkin and Thanksgiving Feast
Pumpkin pie , a modern staple adorning every dinner table, is unlikely to have been a part of the first thanksgiving feast. Pilgrims however, did have boiled pumpkin. Diminishing supply of flour led to the absence of any kind of bread.
The feast continued for three days and was eaten outside due to lack of space. It was not repeated till 1623, which again witnessed a severe drought. Governor Bradford proclaimed another day of thanksgiving in the year 1676. October of 1777 witnessed a time when all the 13 colonies joined in a communal celebration. It also marked the victory over the British.
After a number of events and changes, President Lincoln proclaimed last Thursday in November of thanksgiving in the year 1863. This was due to the continuous efforts of Sarah Josepha Hale, a magazine editor. She wrote a number of articles for the cause.
Thanksgiving Day Traditions
Thanksgiving Day is a communal celebration marked as a sense of gratitude people feel for all the good things in life. This is done by offering prayers, gifting your near and dear ones. The fourth Thursday in the month of November is marked for the yearly celebration. The tradition of Thanksgiving continues till date in the form of Family Reunion and Feasting.
Many families begin Thanksgiving day by attending church prayer services in the morning. This is a special day for churches and they provide wonderful services that leave a joyful feeling in your heart.
Family feast is an important tradition during Thanksgiving. The entire family sits at the table during dinner and offer prayer to the Lord Almighty for his continuous grace. It is also a time for relatives living in different places to come together and celebrate.
Thanksgiving is a day when people send loving messages and warm wishes to their relatives, friends, near and dear ones. It is a day of conveying their feelings through Thanksgiving cards.
Attending or watching parades
The traditional Thanksgiving parade probably started with President Lincoln proclaiming it an official day. The full- dress parade is a way to display the country's military strength and discipline. The main aim of such parades is to lift the spirits of the spectators, provide them with wholesome entertainment. In the present day, parades are accompanied with musical shows and celebrities.
Pardon a turkey
The presidential turkey pardon is an interesting White House tradition that has captured the attention of the public in recent years. The turkey pardon ceremony has been said to date back to 1947, when the president Hurry Truman received a turkey as a gift from the National Turkey Federation. But there are any evidence of this. It wasn’t until the first Thanksgiving of President George H.W. Bush, in 1989, that a turkey was officially pardoned for the first time.
Watching and playing American football
Throughout the United States, football on Thanksgiving Day is as big a part of the celebration as turkey and pumpkin pie.
Thanksgiving Day Poems
T is for the trust the pilgrims had so many years ago
H is for the harvest the settlers learnt to grow
A is for America, the land in which we live
N is for nature and beauty which she gives
K is for kindness, gentle words, thoughtful deeds
S is for smiles, the sunshine everyone needs
G is for gratitude... our blessings big and small
I is for ideas, letting wisdom grow tall
V is for voices, singing, laughing, always caring
I is for Indians, who taught them about sharing
N is for neighbors, across the street, over the sea
G is for giving of myself to make a better me
by Judith.A. Lindberg
Thanksgiving Day Jokes
Q: If April showers bring May flowers what do May flowers bring?
Q: Why did the turkey cross the road?
A: It was the chicken's day off .
Q: Why do turkeys always go, "gobble, gobble"?
A: Because they never learned good table manners!
Q: What sound does a space turkey make?
A: Hubble, Hubble, Hubble.
Thanksgiving Day Quotes
I awoke this morning with devout thanksgiving for my friends, the old and new.
Thanksgiving, after all, is a word of action.
“ Thanksgiving Day is a jewel, to set in the hearts of honest men, but be careful that you do not take the day and leave out the gratitude.”
TEST your knowledge of Thanksgiving day
When is Thanksgiving Day celebrated ?
Who were the Pilgrims ?
What town did the Pilgrims build in America ?
МБОУ «СОШ №46» г.Братск
How did the people live during the first winter in «New Plymouth»
How did Indian call all Englishmen?
How many people went on « the Mayflower» from England to America?
Why did the people of New Plymouth decide to make a holiday dinner the next autumn?
Why did the people call their holiday ‘Thanksgiving Day’?