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Conditional sentences

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«Conditional sentences»

Conditional sentences The types of conditionals

Conditional sentences

The types of conditionals

INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

  • The formation of Zero Conditional
  • The usage of Conditional I
  • The usage of Conditional II
  • The usage of Conditional III
  • The examples on the conditionals
The formation of Zero Conditional Zero conditional expresses the situations that are always true if something happens. Zero conditional is formed by the use of the present in the if-clause and the present simple in the result clause. Example: If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils. (It is general true) Если вы нагреете воду, она кипит.

The formation of Zero Conditional

Zero conditional expresses the situations that are always true if something happens. Zero conditional is formed by the use of the present in the if-clause and the present simple in the result clause.

Example: If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils. (It is general true)

Если вы нагреете воду, она кипит.

Conditional I Conditional I is real, because it is used for real – or possible – situations. Conditional I is formed by the use of the present simple in the if – clause and future simple in the result clause. Example: If it rains, I will stay at home. (It is a real situation) Если идёт дождь, я останусь дома.

Conditional I

Conditional I is real, because it is used for real – or possible – situations.

Conditional I is formed by the use of the present simple in the if – clause and future simple in the result clause.

Example: If it rains, I will stay at home. (It is a real situation)

Если идёт дождь, я останусь дома.

Conditional II Conditional II is often called the “unreal” conditional because it is used for unreal or impossible situations. This conditional provides an imaginary result for a given situation. Conditional II is formed by the use of the past simple in the if – clause and would + infinitive in the result clause. Example: If I were rich, I would help the poor animals. (It is an imaginary result) I wish I would go abroad.

Conditional II

Conditional II is often called the “unreal” conditional because it is used for unreal or impossible situations. This conditional provides an imaginary result for a given situation.

Conditional II is formed by the use of the past simple in the if – clause and would + infinitive in the result clause.

Example: If I were rich, I would help the poor animals. (It is an imaginary result)

I wish I would go abroad.

Conditional III Conditional III is often called the “past” conditional because it expresses only past situations with unreal results. Conditional III is formed by the use of the past perfect in the if clause and would + the present perfect in the result clause. Example: If people hadn’t polluted the planet, many animals would have lived. (It is an unreal result) Если бы люди не загрязняли планету, многие животные были бы живы.

Conditional III

Conditional III is often called the “past” conditional because it expresses only past situations with unreal results.

Conditional III is formed by the use of the past perfect in the if clause and would + the present perfect in the result clause.

Example: If people hadn’t polluted the planet, many animals would have lived. (It is an unreal result)

Если бы люди не загрязняли планету, многие животные были бы живы.

Translate the sentences and define the types of conditionals:

Translate the sentences and define the types of conditionals:

  • If the weather is fine, we will go for a walk.
  • If you heat the water, it boils.
  • If I had 1 million $, I would go abroad.
  • If I went abroad, I would visit many interesting places.
  • I wish I would study abroad.
  • I wish I would go to the party with my friends.
  • I wish you would be next to me.
Complete the sentences: 1. If my friends come to the party, я буду очень счастлив. 2. If we travel to London, мы посетим музеи. 3. If they had enough money, они бы купили новую машину. 4. If they were my friend, я бы пригласил его на день рождения. 5. Our planet would have been cleaner, если бы люди не загрязняли её.

Complete the sentences:

1. If my friends come to the party, я буду очень счастлив.

2. If we travel to London, мы посетим музеи.

3. If they had enough money, они бы купили новую машину.

4. If they were my friend, я бы пригласил его на день рождения.

5. Our planet would have been cleaner, если бы люди не загрязняли её.

Make up some sentences:   1.If the weather is sunny, we will go _________ 2. I wish I would ____________ 3. If I had much money, I would ___________ 4. If I were you, I would ____________ 5. If people hadn’t polluted the nature, it wouldn’t be ____________

Make up some sentences:

1.If the weather is sunny, we will go _________

2. I wish I would ____________

3. If I had much money, I would ___________

4. If I were you, I would ____________

5. If people hadn’t polluted the nature, it wouldn’t be ____________

The end Thank you for your attention!

The end

Thank you for your attention!


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Предмет: Английский язык

Категория: Презентации

Целевая аудитория: 8 класс

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Conditional sentences

Автор: Назирова Севара Муратовна

Дата: 14.05.2020

Номер свидетельства: 549714

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