The aims: to introduce students with the aim of the lesson
to teach to study words of climate, pollution and geography
guessing the meanings of words, to read the text about Kazakhstan
and understand its content
to bring them up to be active, kind, to work hard during the lesson
to interview each other and be polite to each other, giving opinions
to develop their memory, mind, understanding, activity, reading,
speaking, knowledge, thinking skills
practise the pronunciation
Просмотр содержимого документа
«Ашық сабақ "Kazakhstan is my Motherland!"»
East Kazakhstan Regional Library for Children and Youth
Welcome to Australia!
What Do You Know about Australia?
- What is the capital of Australia?
a. Sydney b. Melbourne c. Canberra
- Which city is the oldest and largest?
a. Canberra b. Sydney c. Darwin
- Which is a popular Australian animal?
a. bear b. kangaroo c. fox
- Who are the Australian natives
a. Eskimos b. Aborigines c. Indians
- Who discovered Australia?
a. Columbus b. Captain Cook c. Lewis and Clark
- What is the official Language in Australia?
a. English b. German c. Spain
- In which season do Australians celebrate Christmas?
a. spring b. summer c. autumn d. winter
OFFICIAL NAME : Commonwealth of Australia
TOTAL AREA: 7,700,000 sq.km
POPULATION: 20 million people
HEAD OF STATE : Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor-General
FORM OF G o VERNMENT : Constitutional monarchy
PORTS: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane
LONGEST RIVER : the Darling (2,740 km)
HIGHEST POINT : Mount Kosciusko (2,230 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES: coal, zink, nickel, gold, wool
NATIONAL HOLIDAY: Australian Day , 16 January (1788)
MONEY: basic unit – Australian dollar
NATIONAL SYMBOLS : Kangaroo and Emu
Australia is situated south of Asia, between the Pacific and the Indian Oceans. Australia is a continent, a country and an island at the same time. It is located in the southern hemisphere.
The flag of Australia is the only one to fly over a whole continent. The small Union Jack represents the historical link with Britain, the large seven-pointed star represents the six States and Territories, and the small stars from the Southern Cross – a prominent feature of the southern hemisphere night sky.
Australia's coat of arms – the official emblem of the Australian Government – was granted by George V in 1912. The arms consist of a shield containing the badges of the six states. The supporters are native Australian fauna – a kangaroo and an emu. A yellow-flowered native plant, wattle, also appears in the design.
Much of the land is a useless desert. Great deserts cover nearly 2,000,000 square kilometers.
Most of the continent is sunny most of the year . Its population is very small for such a huge country. Many people live far away from towns in the outback. Severe droughts , floods and cyclones happen very often on the continent. The people suffer from limited fresh water.
Captain James Cook discovered Australia in 1770. He was sent to discover the huge land that many people believed was south of the equator. He landed south of present day Sydney in New South Wales. He claimed this part of the land for the King of England.
In 1851 gold was discovered about 300 km west of Sydney. People rushed to the gold fields to find their fortunes. This attracted robbers called bushrangers.
The first Australians
The First people in Australia were Aborigines. They arrived there about 12,000 years before from southern Asia. They had very rich forms of art, painting, song, poetry and mythology. The lives of aborigines stayed almost the same for thousands of years until the Europeans came to live in Australia in 1778.
In 1770 J. Cook landed in eastern Australia and declared that it belonged to Britain. In 1778, the British government began sending the first prisoners to Australia. Overtime many people arrived from Britain and Europe. Life was difficult. There was very little water and the climate was very hard.
The Europeans suffered a lot in Australia but the Aborigines suffered a lot more. Europeans stole their land and killed thousand of Aborigines. They also brought new diseases with them. In parts of Australia, not one Aborigine survived. Today aborigines continue to live in Australia but their culture in under threat. In 1770, there were about 300,000 Aborigines. Now, there are 120,000. It is becoming harder and harder for them to continue their traditional way to live.
Today Australia is a modern, industrial country, independent from Britain since 1931. The Commonwealth of Australia consists of 6 states and two provinces. It is the world’s biggest producer of wool, bauxite and important producer of wheat, meat, sugar and fruit.
The Aborigines are the Australian natives that had been living there for thousands of years before the first Europeans came to Australia in the 1600s.
Canberra is the capital of Australia. It is a very young city.
Population is about 310,000 people.
Capital of New South Wales . Australia’s oldest and largest city. Leading industrial city. Population: 3,200,000 people .
Capital of Victoria . The world’s most livable city. Population: 3.200.000
Capital of Queensland . It is a year-round vocation place. Population is about 1,400,000 people.
Capital of South Australia . A pretty and industrial city. Population: 1,100,000 people.
Victoria Square Fountain
Capital of Western Australia . One of the best climates in Australia. Population: 1.200.000 people.
Capital of island-state Tasmania. Winters are very cold. Population of about 200,000 .
Thanks to Australia is cut off from the rest of the world, its wildlife is so unique. Australia's geological isolation has resulted in many species not found elsewhere. The most peculiar feature in Australia's animals is pouch. The best-known are kangaroo,, the koala bear, the ostrich, the possum.
The koala is the best known and most loved animals in Australia. They seldom drink, and take enough water from leaves. The koala sleeps in the trees for most of the day, but moves and feeds at night. A koala’s life in the world is about 12years, but they have been known to live for 15years in captivity.
Great Barrier Reef
It’s the world’s largest coral reef (over 2000 km). It stretches along the east coast of Queensland. It’s made up of over 2900 individual
reefs very close
to each other .
How do you say it in Russian?
Numbers and Dates
What do these numbers and dates refer to?
12,000 years ago: first people arrived in Australia