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«План урока Секрет долголетия»
Обеспечение в ходе урока усвоение новой лексики по теме.
Развитие навыков чтения.
Развитие навыков устной речи.
Развитие навыков аудирования.
Совершенствование устной речи.
ЗАДАНИЯ К ПРАКТИЧЕСКИМ ЗАНЯТИЯМ, КОТОРЫЕ НУЖНО ВЫПОЛНИТЬ СТУДЕНТАМ
I.Речевая зарядка и фонетическая зарядка.
1.In pairs ask and answer the questions on the quiz.
AGEING. How much do you know about it?
On average which nationality lives the longest?
2) What was the average lifespan 2 thousand yearsago?
twenty- six years
By 2050, what percentage of the world’s population will be 65 or older?
a2% b10% c20%
On average which groups of people live longer?
smokers or non-smokers
single people or married people?
pet owners or non pet-owners
2. Listen to the answers. Do any of them surprise you?
Average lifespan can be very different from one country to another. The country with the longest average lifespan is japan. Women live to 82.5 years on average. This, of course, is much longer than the average lifespan 2000 years ago. That was just 26 years. Now, every expects to have a long and happy life. By 2050, around 20 % of the population will be aged 65 or over.
If you would like to have a long life, there are certain things that seem to make a difference. On average, non--smokers live longer than smokers, married people live longer than single people and pet owners live longer than non- pet owners. So the message is don’t smoke, get married and get a dog.
3.Which statement do you most agree with?
How long you live depends on your lifestyle (diet, exercise, smoking etc.)
How long you live depends on your genes.
1.Listen to an extract from a radio program. Which of the statements above does it say is probably true?
2.Listen again. Mark the statements true(T) or false (F).
Most very old people have always had very healthy lifestyles.
Jeanne Calment holds the record for being the oldest person ever.
She stopped smoking two years before she died.
Many expert think some people have genes the protect them from some disease.
Jeanne Calment got cancer when she was about 50 years old.
Some people think that eating much less every day will increase your lifespan.
I Interviewer E-Expert
I Hello, and welcome to the truth, the program that brings science into your home. Today our topic is the truth about ageing and expert Helen Foster is with us today… Hello, Helen.
I So, what is the truth about ageing? Have scientists found a way to stop ageing and for us all to live longer?
E Not yet! However, the question that many scientists are interested in is, ‘why do some people live a long time and others don’t?’...Studies of the lifestyles of very old people don’t really show a common pattern. Many of them drink and smoke and don’t do much exercise. In fact, the oldest person ever, a woman called Jeanne Calment , who lived to the age of 122, only gave up smoking when she was 120!
E Yes…so if lifestyle isn’t the answer, then scientists think that it may be in our genes…that some people are born with genes that protect them from ageing and diseases better than other people. For example, in the case of Jeanne Calment … she probably had a gene that stopped her from getting cancer (caused by smoking) that other people may get aged 40 or 50…
I Is there anything we can do about it then? Can we do anything to change the genes that we are born with?
E Well. There are some experts who believe that the answer is in your diet…specifically a low calorie diet. Experiments with mice show that when they eat one third fewer calories every day, they live 40% longer. In human terms, that’s the same as living to 170 years old.
I Oh well… perhaps that’s what we should all do?
E I’m afraid there is no proof that it works in humans… and I am not sure that being hungry all your life is worth those extra years!
I No, you are probably right… it’s best to enjoy the days we’ve got!
Would you like to live to 100 years old? Why? Why not?
2. Match the person to the reason they give for living along time.
I am 89 years old. I used to do a lot of sport but I don’t do any now. The most important thing for me to feel good about life and laugh every day.
I’ll be 85on my next birthday. The thing that keeps me young is dancing. I didn’t use to do any physical exercise but now I dance every day.
I can’t believe it but I an 87! I used to smoke but I gave up when I was 55. I do not do much exercise, but I like to keep my brain active. I love chess’.
3. Make sentences about Thomas.
20 years ago
do a lot of sport
have a lot of hair
be quite slim
not have a girlfriend
have a bicycle
not have much money
not do any sport
not have much hair
have a car
get a good salary
Thomas used to do a lot of sport. Now he doesn’t do any.
4 Tell your partner about when you were younger. Think about the following.
hopes and fears
likes and dislikes
hair and clothes
5 Match a verb from A with a noun phrase from B.
a heavy smoker
to bed very late
a lot of water
Which of the verbs /phrases do you think are good habits? And which are bad?
Which of the things did you use to do? Which do you do now?