Цели и задачи урока:
- Обеспечить в ходе урока закрепление понятий по теме «Пресса».
- Проверить, проконтролировать общеучебные умения и навыки составления простого плана.
- Создать условия для отработки навыков и умений в говорении, восприятии речи на слух.
- Актуализировать знания о печатных изданиях в своей стране и стране изучаемого языка.
- Способствовать развитию умения отстаивать свою точку зрения.
- Способствовать развитию культуры взаимоотношений при работе в парах, в группе, в коллективе.
- Содействовать развитию интереса к изучению иностранного языка.
- Создать условия для развития коммуникативных навыков через разнообразные виды речевой деятельности (монологическая, диалогическая речь).
- Создать условия для развития таких аналитических способностей учащихся, как умения анализировать, сопоставлять, сравнивать, обобщать познавательные объекты, делать выводы.
- Содействовать развитию умений осуществлять рефлексивную деятельность.
What is press?
What is its role in our life?
What does press comprise?
What are the most reading nations do you think?
You know some things about press in the USA and in Great Britain. Today we’ll learn some more pieces of information about press in these countries.
a) listen to the story about press in Great Britain and be ready to answer the questions about it
British people enjoy reading newspapers. More newspapers are read in Britain than in any other European country. Fleet Street in London is the home of the most important national daily and Sunday newspapers. People often say Fleet Street to mean the press. British newspapers may be divided into two groups, quality and popular. Quality newspapers are more serious and cover home and foreign news, while popular newspapers like shocking personal stories. These two groups of papers may be easily distinguished because the quality newspapers are twice the size of the popular newspapers. That’s why quality papers are known as broadsheets and popular papers are called tabloids. Broadsheets contain political, industrial and cultural news. They devote pages to finance matters and business and have more writing than pictures. They have detailed articles on arts and sports and have short articles on less important events. Besides they devote large sections to business and sports and provide readers with articles on theatre and cinema performances. As for tabloids they compress news and have less to say and more to show in pictures. They use large headlines and photographs and report on the latest scandals and gossips in the private lives of famous people. Tabloids sell many more copies than broadsheets. The quality daily papers are “The Times”, “The Guardian”, “The Daily Telegraph”, “The Financial Times” and “The Independent”. They contain information on home and foreign affairs, serious editorials, arts and literary reviews, they provide up – to – date financial information and much professional advertising.
“The Times” founded in 1788 is considered to be the most authoritative newspaper voice in the country and is said to be the paper of the establishment. “The Guardian” appeals to well-educated readers interested in intellectual and social affairs. Educated upper middle and middle class readers buy «The Daily Telegraph».
The popular press includes “The Daily Mail”, “The Daily Express”, “The Daily Star” and “The Daily Mirror”. They are offered for less serious reading. They have brief news reports and a great number of photographs. Much attention is paid to personal stories dealing with sensations or news concerning the royal family, sport and entertainment. The style of English in these newspapers is often conversational, with much use of slang, nicknames and catchy headlines. Some newspapers have a colour supplement with a great amount of entertaining items.
All papers and magazines are full of advertisement. It’s hard to say whether it’s good or bad. Sometimes it gives true information, helps you to choose the best products, presents an honest realistic image of a product and teaches you how to get the best value for your money. But more often advertising doesn’t talk about the product’s defects, puts pressure on the consumer and convinces people of buying things they don’t need.
b) answer the questions:
What sorts of newspapers are there in Great Britain?
How can they be distinguished?
What items do they review?
Who do they appeal to?
What are the most important papers?
c) listen to the story about press in the USA and be ready to answer the questions about it
Newspapers in the United States differ greatly in the physical size and in the size of their readership. The most prominent American newspapers are “The New York Times”, “The Washington Post”, “The Los Angeles Times”, “The Boston Globe”, “The Chicago Tribune” and “The Christian Monitor”. In the USA newspapers are published in 34 languages. The daily newspapers are of two kinds: quality and popular. A quality paper is a serious newspaper, which publishes articles and commentaries on politics. A popular paper contains many photographs; its articles are often sensational and deal with private life of famous people, really. There are no official government – owned newspapers in the USA. There is no state censorship; court can’t stop a story from being printed.
If there is any paper that could be called a national newspaper it is the “The New York Times”. The paper gives coverage to national, international and local New York City news and affairs and it has correspondents all over the world. The Sunday edition of the ”The New York Times” is a big thick issue with hundreds of pages. In addition to news headings it has special headings on sports, entertainment, business and arts.
American newspapers get much of their news from the two world’s largest agencies – AP (Associated Press) and UPI (United Press International). Neither of them is owned or controlled by the government. They have thousands of subscribers – newspapers, radio and television stations and other agencies, which pay to receive and use the news and photographs in more than 100 countries of the world.
Nowadays people buy fewer newspapers, and the most important reason for this is probably the growing popularity of television, which 65 per cent of Americans use as the primary source of news.
Among popular magazines are “Time”, “Newsweek”, and “World Report” which give information on national affairs, business and science.
Besides there’s the so-called “yellow press”. Usually it covers all kinds of scandalous gossips and sensations. Though private life is protected by the US Constitution one may read everything about private and intimate life of music and film stars and other people of importance. But that information mostly is far from being true to life, indeed.
d) give answers to the following questions
What do the US newspapers differ in?
What kinds of papers are there in the USA?
What sections do they cover?
What US eminent newspapers do you know?
e) now let’s compare two groups of papers: papers published in the USA and those issued in Great Britain
2. We spoke about the role of press in our life.
Do British and American papers serve people?
Are they important in their life?
3. Press in Russia.
a) So if we happen to speak about any press, what should we speak about? Let’s make up a plan.
1. The role of the press.
2. Kinds of newspapers.
3. Their contents.
4. The most important editions.
5. The readership’s opinion.
b) using the plan try to deliver some information about the Russian press
4. Paper talk.
a) Which are the most popular newspapers in Russia do you think?
Here is the magazine “Rovesnik” (the teacher shows one of the editions). You know some things about it. What does it tell us about? (revision of expressions)
b) present your favourite editions (pupis present their favourite newspapers and magazines brought from home.)
5. At the stall.
a) What press would you like to read?
b) Where can you get newspapers and magazines?
Now we’ll try to choose press in the stalls to our taste. I suggest playing a game. But while speaking don’t forget to use conversational phrases. Let’s revise them.
One of you is a stall assistant. Form three groups. You’ll get situations. Act them out.
1) You are going to subscribe to the magazine “Rolling Stone”. Your friends don’t approve of your idea. They suggest going to the stalls and choosing some other foreign press to read.
2) You and your friends are standing at the stall and discussing newspapers and magazines. Try to choose some Russian press to read. Then you remember that your friend has birthday. You discuss what present to buy. The advertisements in the newspapers help you to do it.
3) You’ve come to see your friend. He is reading some newspaper. You discuss reading press. Then you feel like going to the club to participate in a meeting devoted to press. You go to the stalls to buy something to read.
6. Press in your life.
Does press play an important role in your life?
Why do you read it?
1) Revise the topic “Press”.
2) Think of the story “Press in My Life”. You can write and use a plan or key words.