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Презентация на тему Great Britain

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презентация на английском языке на тему: Great Britain

PLAN:

1. 4000 BC to 1500 BC Stone Age man and the first farmers

2. 1500 BC to the Roman Invasion in 43 AD

3. The Romans in Britain

4. 410 to 1066 Anglo Saxon Britain Viking raids the Norman invasion

5. The Norman kings consolidate their hold on Britain

6. The Middle Ages

7. The Tudors

8. The Stuarts and the Civil War

9. the First World War

10. World War Two

4000 BC to 1500 BC Stone Age man and the first farmers

This covers the period from the coming of man to Britain (around 4000 BC) up to the Norman conquest in 1066. The people left no literature, but they did leave many burial chambers, monuments and artifacts. It is believed that Stone Age man migrated to Britain across the land bridge that then joined Britain to the rest of Europe. The rising water levels cut Britain off from Europe and left these peoples to develop separately and largely unmolested by any large outside tribes or armies.

Stone circles, Neolithic tombs and tools have been found all over the British Isles from the tip of Cornwall in the south to the very north of Scotland. Although stone age artifacts can be found all over Britain, the largest of their construction are found in Wiltshire in southern England.

stone Age man constructed Stonehenge from massive 50 ton blocks of stone. Some were transported along a 240 mile route from the Welsh mountains

One hypothesis for Stonehenge's being there, is that it was a giant astronomical observatory. The sun on midsummer's day rises above the heel stone on the horizon, and other lies concerning the sun and moon and their movements can be found. Others believe that it was a druid's temple, or shrine.

1500 BC to the Roman Invasion in 43 AD

For some unexplained reason, Iron Age man started to change his living habits. They stopped building burial mounds and stone circles, stopped using the ancient sites like Stonehenge. Instead the Iron Age peoples took to farming in permanent fields and to living in protected hill forts.

The explanation might be that with the acquisition of the knowledge to make iron tools, then farming and tilling land became a viable proposition. Or perhaps iron weapons made man more aggressive and groups needed protection from maurauding bands of armed thugs.

Julius Caesar made a landing in Britain in 55 BC, but only suceeded in establishing a tempory bridgehead. After another abortive attempt the next year, he sailed away and the Romans left Britain alone for another century, until they landed in force in 43 AD

By the eve of the Roman invasion, Britain was a series of small kingdoms, perhaps 20 of these large enough to have a regional influence, but with no one kingdom holding any real control over any large area of the country

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History of Great Britain

History of Great Britain

4000 BC to 1500 BC Stone Age man and the first farmers

4000 BC to 1500 BC Stone Age man and the first farmers

  • This covers the period from the coming of man to Britain (around 4000 BC) up to the Norman conquest in 1066. The people left no literature, but they did leave many burial chambers, monuments and artifacts. It is believed that Stone Age man migrated to Britain across the land bridge that then joined Britain to the rest of Europe. The rising water levels cut Britain off from Europe and left these peoples to develop separately and largely unmolested by any large outside tribes or armies.
1500 BC to the Roman Invasion in 43 AD

1500 BC to the Roman Invasion in 43 AD

  • Iron Age man started to change his living habits. The explanation might be that with the acquisition of the knowledge to make iron tools, Or perhaps iron weapons made man more aggressive and groups needed protection from maurauding bands of armed thugs.
  • Julius Caesar made a landing in Britain in 55 BC, but only suceeded in establishing a tempory bridgehead. After another abortive attempt the next year, he sailed away and the Romans left Britain alone for another century, until they landed in force in 43 AD
The Romans in Britain

The Romans in Britain

  • The Romans did expand further into Scotland, building the Antonine Wall across the Lowlands (Glasgow to Edinburgh).
  • The country appears to have enjoyed a period of unprecedented peace - "the golden age of the Villa". Around 300 AD the Roman Empire came under sustained attack by the barbarian hordes in central Europe and some troops were withdrawn to help in that area. Northern Britain started to suffer attacks from the Scots and Picts.
But it was until 410 AD that the Roman Emperor Constantine finally removed the whole garrison of Britain to defend the Rhine frontier from attack. The Romans never returned to Britain Britain was to slip into a 600 year period of wars and fragmentation.Of Angles and Saxons invading, the Celts being pushed West, and the country under almost continuous Viking attack
  • But it was until 410 AD that the Roman Emperor Constantine finally removed the whole garrison of Britain to defend the Rhine frontier from attack. The Romans never returned to Britain
  • Britain was to slip into a 600 year period of wars and fragmentation.Of Angles and Saxons invading, the Celts being pushed West, and the country under almost continuous Viking attack
410 to 1066 Anglo Saxon Britain  Viking raids the Norman invasion

410 to 1066 Anglo Saxon Britain Viking raids the Norman invasion

  • The new Anglo Saxon invaders were not organised centrally, as the Romans had been, or as the Normans would be. They slowly colonised northwards and westwards, pushing the native Celts to the fringes of Britain. Roman Britain was replaced by Anglo Saxon Britain, with the Celtic peoples remaining in Cornwall, Wales and Scotland. The Anglo Saxon areas eventually combined into kingdoms, and by 850 AD the country had three competing kingdoms as shown on the map on the left
Next came another wave of Viking attacks. The net effect was that the English kin, Ethelred the Unready, found his kingdom under attack on all coasts by Norsemen. On Ethelred's death in 1016, the Viking leader Cnut was effectively ruling England. But on Cnut's death, the country collapsed into a number of competing Earldoms (shown on the left) under a weak king, Edward the Confessor.
  • Next came another wave of Viking attacks. The net effect was that the English kin, Ethelred the Unready, found his kingdom under attack on all coasts by Norsemen. On Ethelred's death in 1016, the Viking leader Cnut was effectively ruling England. But on Cnut's death, the country collapsed into a number of competing Earldoms (shown on the left) under a weak king, Edward the Confessor.
The Norman kings consolidate their hold on Britain

The Norman kings consolidate their hold on Britain

  • The  Duke of Normandy, known as William the Conqueror, now became king of England, establishhing a new Anglo-Norman state. England became a strong, centralised country under military rule. Castles appeared all over England to enforce Norman rule. England has never been invaded since 1066. William was a harsh ruler: he destroyed many villages to make sure the English people did not rebel. The Normans' power was absolute and the language of the new rulers, Norman-French, has held a lasting effect on English.
The Middle Ages

The Middle Ages

  • , King Edward III, who already ruled a large part of France, said that he was entitled to be king of all of France as well as king of England. This caused a war that lasted on and off until 1453, and is called the Hundred Years War. Scotland helped France in this war. There were famous battles at Crécy (1346) and Agincourt (1415) in France, both won by the English.
  • In 1455 civil wars later called the Wars of the Roses began.
  • . The wars ended in 1485 when the Yorkist King Richard III was defeated at the Battle of Bosworth, and the Welshman Henry VII, the first of the Tudors, came to the throne of England.
The Tudors

The Tudors

  • Henry VIII, who come to the throne in 1509, Henry was a tyrant and a despot. One other bonus for Henry from his split with Rome was that he gained control of the monasteries - the monastic buildings and land were sold off after the dissolution of the monasteries in 1538.
Elizabeth's reign brought in one of the most glorious eras of British history. Exploration, colonisation, victory in war, and growing world importance. The Arts flourished, this was the age of Shakespeare and Bacon. It was the age of the sea dog, Drake and Raleigh, Hawkins and Frobisher
  • Elizabeth's reign brought in one of the most glorious eras of British history. Exploration, colonisation, victory in war, and growing world importance. The Arts flourished, this was the age of Shakespeare and Bacon. It was the age of the sea dog, Drake and Raleigh, Hawkins and Frobisher
The Stuarts and the Civil War

The Stuarts and the Civil War

  • King James I of England as well, and was the first king of the whole of Great Britain. James believed that monarchs were appointed by God, and could rule as they pleased. This was called The Divine Right of Kings and led to trouble with parliament, whose approval the king needed to raise money.
Civil War broke out between armies supporting parliament and those loyal to the king. Parliament won
  • Civil War broke out between armies supporting parliament and those loyal to the king. Parliament won
the First World War

the First World War

  • Britain entered the First World War in 1914. By the time it ended in 1918 over 8 million people had died; 996,230 of them were from Britain and the British Empire. During that war Britain had its first taste of bombs dropped from the air, by huge German airships called Zeppelins. British working people had begun fighting for their rights in Queen Victoria's reign. They became more determined after the First World War, and Britain's first Labour government came to power in 1924.
World War Two

World War Two

  • The British Army in Europe soon lost to the Germans, who quickly conquered most of continental Europe. Germany tried to conquer Britain by first gaining air supremacy. However the Germans lost the Battle of Britain, the first battle to be fought solely in the air
British sights

British sights

Executives of Britain

Executives of Britain


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Предмет: Английский язык

Категория: Презентации

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презентация на тему Great Britain

Автор: Кадирова Самал Муратбековна

Дата: 25.03.2015

Номер свидетельства: 191358

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