England, the Department of Education and Science is responsible for all levels of education. Universities, however, are self-governing and depend on the government only for financial grants. Education is compulsory between the ages of five and sixteen.
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«Education in England»
ПРОФЕССОР РУЗУДДИНОВТЫҢ МЕДИЦИНАЛЫҚ-СТОМАТОЛОГИЯЛЫҚ КОЛЛЕДЖІ
Education in England
Aim: to enlarge students’ knowledge about educational system in England.
to develop the student’s abilities in reading, writing and speaking, to enrich the vocabulary and self-working skills; to develop student’s interest in research works.
to interest in learning English, to bring up to love and interest in the subjects, respect to each other.
Compulsory – міндетті
Free – тегін
Infant – дайындық
Junior – кіші
Nursery – балабақша
Primary – бастауыш
Secondary - орта
Private – жеке-меншік
Public school – жеке-меншік мектеп
State school – мемлекеттік мектеп
Boarding school – интернат
All-boys school – ер балаларға арналған
Nursery Education(under 5 years)
Children do not have to go to school until they reach the age of five/ but there is some free nursery-school education before that age.
Nursery school are staffed with teachers and students in training. There are all kinds of toys to keep the children busy from 9
O’clock in the morning till 4 o clock in the afternoon - while their parents are at work. Here the babies play, lunch and sleep. They can run about and play in safety with someone keeping an eye on them.
PrimaryEducation(5 to 11 years)
Primary Education takes place in infant schools(pupils aged from 5 to 7 years) and junior schools (from 8 to 11 years).
At infant schools reading, writing and arithmetic are taught for about 20 minutes a day during the first year, gradually increasing to about 2 hours in their last year. Much time is spent in modeling from clay or drawing, reading and signing.
By the time children are ready for the junior school they will be able to read and write, do simple addition and straction of numbers.
At 8 children go on from the infant school to the junior school. This mark the transition from play to «real work». The children have set periods of arithmetic, reading and composition. History, Geography, Nature Study, Art and Music, Physical Education, Swimming are also on the time-table.
The most famous public schools in Britain are Eton, Harrow, Winchester.
A year at Eton costs 17,000 pounds. It is very old, and a lot of important people used to be students there. It is an all-boys school .
Prince William, the Queen’s grandson, went to Eton too.
Secondary Education(11 to 16/18 years)
From eleven to sixteen boys and girls in England go to a secondary school. They begin to study in form one.
They have many subject in their timetable: English, English literature, Foreign language, Mathematics, History, Geography, Physics, Biology, Woodwork, Music. In England schoolchildren don’t go to school on Saturdays and Sundays.
After five years of secondary education, pupils take GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education) examination.
Compulsory education ends at 16.
Some people leave secondary school and go to colleges for further education.
Some choose to stay at secondary school for two years more and prepare for a university.
EVERY BRITISH SCHOOL HAS ITS RULES
Say hello when you see a teacher
Come to school on time
Stand up when a teacher comes into the class
Wear your school uniform
Don’t eat or drink in the classroom
Don’t run in the corridors
Don’t bring mobile phones to class
Don’t talk to people in lessons
A lot of people think that school uniforms in England are for the children from rich families at the country’s best schools.
But it isn’t always true. In fact, uniforms first came to schools for poor because they were cheaper.
Today a lot of British schools have uniforms. Usually they differ only in colours but include a blazer, a pullover, a shirt (a blouse), trousers (a skirt), tights or socks, shoes and boots, a scarf and gloves of a certain colour, a cap or a hat. School badge is on a cap and on a blazer’s pocket.
One of the most important elements of the uniform isa school tie.
Pupils who continue to study at high school take a further set of standardized exams, known as a levels, in three or four subjects. These exams determine whether a student is eligible for university.
School tie – деген сөз тіркесі бар
”To be true to your school tie” - “Мектеп галустугына өзінің адал болуы” деп аударсақ.
Higher education begins at 18 and usually lasts three or four years.
Students go to universities, polytechnics or colleges of higher education.
There are now about 80 universities in Great Britain.
The academic year is divided into threeterms.
OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE
Oxford University is the oldest and most famous in Britain. It was founded in the 12-th century and is a collection of colleges with more then 12,000 students and 1,000 teachers.
Cambridge is the second oldest. It was founded in the 13-th century and has 27 colleges.
They both have a reputation of privileged schools. Many prominent people studied there.
The tutorial system is one of the ways in which these universities differ from all other. Every student hasa tutorwho plans his work.
a school which does not receive financial support from the government
a school where you pay money to go to
a school for young children
a school that accepts students according to their test results
a private school that prepares students for college or for public service
a school where you don't have to pay anything for education
a school where boys and girls study together in Britain, a school which does not receive money from the government
a school in Britain for children over the age of 11 who have to pass a special examination to go there
a school in Britain for children above the age of eleven in which children of all abilities are taught
a school for children between the ages of 11 and 16 or 18
Match the two parts of the
mixed sex school
Answer my questions, please.
1.In what schools does primary education take place in Britain?
2.At what age do children go to infant schools and to junior schools?
3.How long does compulsory secondary education last?
4.What can children do after the 5-th form?
5.What kind of students do comprehensive schools take?