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Introduction to Trigonometry

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Fundamental Definitions:

Unit Circle: A circle with the center at the origin and radius of length 1 unit is called unit circle or trigonometric circle on the plane.

The origin of a unit circle is O(0,0)

A(1,0),  B(0,1),  C(-1,0),  D(0,-1)

Let P(x,y) be any point on the unit circle.

In the ;

Directed Angles: An angle is the union of two rays whose initial point is common.

In the figure =[OA U [OB

The angle is formed by rotating a ray [OA  about its end point in a fixed plane.

 is positive angle.

 is negative angle.

Examples: Graph directed angles 20o, -110o, 360o, 180o, -180o. Show angles on unit circle.

Measures of Angles: An angle is determined by its direction and magnitude and can be either (+) or (-) according to its direction.

360 Degrees: The measurement of the central angle corresponding to the complete arc of a circle is called “360 Degrees” Degree is denoted by the symbol (o). As a result the measurement of a round angle is 360o.

 of 1o is called 1’ minute

 of 1’ is called 1’’ second

1’=()o

1’’=()’=()o

Example:  and  are given. Find and

400 Grad: The measurement of the central angle corresponding to the complete arc of a circle is called “400 Grads”. Hence, the round angle in grad is called 400G.

When we divide the complete arc of a circle into 400 equal arcs, we obtain 400 equal central angles corresponding to these arcs. The measurement of the central angle corresponding to any one of these arcs is said to be 1G.

2p Radians: The measurement of the central angle corresponding to the complete arc of a circle is called “2p Radians”. Hence, the round angle in radian is 2p.

When the arc of a circle has the same length as the radius of the circle, the measure of its central angle is said to be 1 radian.

   If the length of  is L and radius of circle is r then the measure of the central angle is

        in radian

Example: If L=6, r=2 then find =?

Solution:

Degree-Radian-Grad Conversion Formula: For the complete arc of a circle we see that:

360degrees=2p Radians=400 Grads

Example: Express 45o in radians and in grads.

Example: Express radians to degrees.

The Angle in Standard Position and Coterminal Angles: The angle whose vertex is at the origin and whose initial ray is the positive x-axis is said to be “in standard position”. The angles whose terminal sides coincide with each other when they are in standard position are said to be coterminal.

Primary Directed Angles: We can write;

   mod(360)     

   mod(360)

  mod(360)

.

.

.

    mod(360)

 is primary directed angle.

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«Introduction to Trigonometry»

Subject: Introduction to Trigonometry Date:Taldykorgan KTL

Duration: 80 Minutes

Classes: 10th Classes

Aim: To teach basic concept of trigonometry



Fundamental Definitions:


Unit Circle: A circle with the center at the origin and radius of length 1 unit is called unit circle or trigonometric circle on the plane.




The origin of a unit circle is O(0,0)


A(1,0), B(0,1), C(-1,0), D(0,-1)


Let P(x,y) be any point on the unit circle.

In the ;

Directed Angles: An angle is the union of two rays whose initial point is common.




In the figure =[OA U [OB

The angle is formed by rotating a ray [OA about its end point in a fixed plane.


is positive angle.

is negative angle.


Examples: Graph directed angles 20o, -110o, 360o, 180o, -180o . Show angles on unit circle.

Measures of Angles: An angle is determined by its direction and magnitude and can be either (+) or (-) according to its direction.

360 Degrees: The measurement of the central angle corresponding to the complete arc of a circle is called “360 Degrees” Degree is denoted by the symbol (o). As a result the measurement of a round angle is 360o.


of 1o is called 1’ minute

of 1’ is called 1’’ second

1’=()o

1’’=()’=()o


Example: and are given. Find and


400 Grad: The measurement of the central angle corresponding to the complete arc of a circle is called “400 Grads”. Hence, the round angle in grad is called 400G.



When we divide the complete arc of a circle into 400 equal arcs, we obtain 400 equal central angles corresponding to these arcs. The measurement of the central angle corresponding to any one of these arcs is said to be 1G.


2 Radians: The measurement of the central angle corresponding to the complete arc of a circle is called “2 Radians”. Hence, the round angle in radian is 2.




When the arc of a circle has the same length as the radius of the circle, the measure of its central angle is said to be 1 radian.

If the length of is L and radius of circle is r then the measure of the central angle is

in radian

Example: If L=6, r=2 then find =?

Solution:


Degree-Radian-Grad Conversion Formula: For the complete arc of a circle we see that:

360degrees=2 Radians=400 Grads

Example: Express 45o in radians and in grads.

Example: Express radians to degrees.


The Angle in Standard Position and Coterminal Angles: The angle whose vertex is at the origin and whose initial ray is the positive x-axis is said to be “in standard position”. The angles whose terminal sides coincide with each other when they are in standard position are said to be coterminal.


Primary Directed Angles: We can write;


mod(360)

mod(360)

mod(360)

.

.

.

mod(360)

is primary directed angle.





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Предмет: Математика

Категория: Планирование

Целевая аудитория: 10 класс

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Introduction to Trigonometry

Автор: Турапбеков Азат Алпысбаевич

Дата: 17.01.2016

Номер свидетельства: 278106

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