Interesting places of London.
Aim of the lesson : to develop pupils skills and habits of reading,
writing and speaking.
Speaking about some interesting places of London.
Visual aids: pictures, table, cards, textbook.
I. Org. moment : Good morning pupils!
Who’s absent today?
What date is it today?
Let’s begin our lesson. The theme of the lesson is “ Interesting places
of London ”.
II. Review words (lexis).
Country, capital, old city, a huge port, is situated, population, part, sights, interesting, to know, service, clock bell, residence, palace, built, squares, statue, museums, theatres, galleries, well-known, famous, century, beautiful churches, was founded, literary part of the city, place to visit, chopping centre, wide street, feed the pigeons, to enjoy, nice squares, the city of London, the West End, the East End.
III. Look at the map!
What do you know about London? country, capital, old city, a huge port, population, part, sights, service, clock bell, residence, palace, squares, statue, museums, theatres, galleries, century, churches, literary part of the city, place to visit, chopping centre, wide street, nice squares, the city of London, the west end, the east end. interesting, well-known, famous, beautiful. built, is situated, to know, was founded, feed the pigeons, to enjoy.
Read the text “London ”
London is one of the most interesting places in the world. London is the capital of England. It is the biggest city in Britain and its political, economic and cultural centre. It is one of the largest cities in the world and in Europe. It is very old city. London is not only a capital of the country, it is also a huge port. London is situated on the both banks of the river Thames .
a) London stands on the river Thames. There are 17 bridges across the river. The population of London is about 9 million people. London has got three parts: the City of London , the West End , the East End .
b) The City of London is the oldest part of London and the heart of London. Numerous banks, offices and firms are situated there. You can see narrow streets and pavements there.
But the city is also a market for goods from all parts of the world. The City of London is the financial centre of the United Kingdom .
c) The West End is the centre of London. There are many sights in the West End. They are, for example Houses of Parliament with Big Ben .
Big Ben is the biggest clock in Britain. The largest clock is Big Ben. You can hear the sound of Big Ben every hour in London. Big Ben is the name of the clock and it is the bell of the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament. The clock and the bell got their names after Sir Benjamin Hall. He was a tall man, whose nickname was Big Ben. So people know the clock as Big Ben.
Official London residence of Queen is Buckingham Palace. It was built in 18 th century. There are many nice squares in London. The Queen of England lives in Buckingham Palace . It is a wonderful building with a monument in front of it which is the Queen Victoria Memorial .
Trafalgar Square is one of them and it is it the centre of West End. We can see the statue of Lord
Nelson in the middle of this square. There are many museums, libraries and galleries in London. Tate
gallery is one of well-known galleries in London. It is the most beautiful place in London.
d) The East End of London is a district for the working people. There are many factories, workshops,
docks there. We can say that the City is the money of London. The West End is the goods of London.
The East End is the hands of London.
TOWER OF LONDON
The Tower of London was a fortress, a palace, a prison and the King’s Zoo. Now it is the museum. You can see a lot of interesting things in the halls of the White Tower. William the Conquer built it in the 11 th century. There are always black ravens in the tower of London. People keep them in the tower of London and look after them very well as they believe that London will be rich while ravens live there.
The River Thames has always been part of London’s history. In Roman times Londinium was a small town with the Thames in its centre. Now London is a very large city but the River Thames is still in the centre of London.
Until 1749, there was only one bridge over the river: London Bridge. The old London Bridge looked very strange. There were houses and shops on the bridge. In the nineteenth century there were already many new bridges in London. Now there are more than twenty bridges over the Thames.
One of the greatest English churches is St. Paul’s Cathedral is not far from the Tower of London. The famous English architect Sir Christopher Wren [ren] built it in the 17 th century after the Great Fire
St. PAUL’S CATHEDRALL
Here we can see the National Gallery which is one of the best picture galleries of the world. Every day many tourists visit this fine building with tall columns.
Westminster abbey is one of the most and beautiful churches in London. It is more than 900 years old. There are so many monuments and statues there. Many English kings and queens are buried there. Westminster Abbey is famous for the Poet’s Corner. Many great writers are buried there: Charles Dickens and Rudyard Kipling. The Abbey with its two tall towers is really wonderful
The HOUSE of PARLIAMENT
There are many sights in the West End. There are the Houses of Parliament . It is a long grey building with towers
DOWNING STREET, 10
British Prime Minister lives at number 10 Downing Street .
You can find many old and new beautiful parks in the city. The largest Park in London is Hyde Park . It is one of the most popular parks of Londoners on hot summer days. There are many other pleasant parks and green squares there too.
Oxford Street There are about 10 thousand streets in London. Most of them are not very wide. You can see many shops in London. Oxford street is London’s main shopping centre. You can buy clothes shoes in it. People from all over the world shop in Oxford street.
1 Read answer the questions:
1. What is the political centre of London?
2. Where does the British Prime Minister live?
3. What is Big Ben?
4. Yow many bridges are there in London?
5. Where is Westminster Abbey?
6. Where does the Queen of England live?
2 . Read the beginning of the sentence in A and find its end in B:
1. The Tower of London is
place to see in London
2. The Trafalgar Square is
place to have breakfast.
a usual …………
3. The National Gallery
place to walk.
4. The country road along the river is a wonderful …………
place to visit.
5. My small kitchen is a
place to have demonstration.
3 True, false, don’t know. 1. The Tower of London was built in 20 th century. 2. Westminster Abbey is a beautiful tower in London. 3. The centre of London is Trafalgar Square. 4. The Tower of London is a Prison now. 5. The largest clock is Big Ben. 6. British Prime Minister lives at Downing street 10.
4 Complete the sentences.
1. Shopping centre in London …….
2. The largest park in London …….
3. One of the biggest city in Britain ………
4. William Conqueror became ……..
5. The tower of London ………
6. One of the greatest English churches ……….
7. It was built an English architect …………
8. The centre of London ………..
9. One of the best picture galleries ………
10. The queen of England lives ………..
5 Fill in the blanks with correct prepositions.
1. The population of London is _____________ 8 million.
2. London is situated ______________ the booth banks ____________ the River Thames.
3. Today _____________ its full extent Greater London covers 625 square miles.
4. Traditionally London is divided ______________ several parts.
5. The City is the heart _______________ London.
6. It is the financial centre ________________ UK _______________ many banks, offices and
7. Oxford Street _______________ the West End is the endless shopping area which attracts
visitors ______________ all over _______________ the world.
8. There are a lot ______________ factories and docks in the East End.
9. The East End is populated ____________ working class families.
6 Test. Make the write choice:
1. The Union Jack is ……….
a) the flag of the UK
c) the flag of Wales
b) the flag of Scotland
d) the flag of England
2. The British Prime Minister lives at ………..
a) 12 Whitehall
c) 7 Russell Street
d) 15 Oxford Street
b) 10 Downing Street
3. Whitehall is …….
c) a white palace near Trafalgar Square;
a) a street leading from Trafalgar Square to the Houses of Parliament;
b) a big hall in the centre of London;
d) the palace where the Queen lives in summer.
4. The Great Fire of London broke out in …….
5. Sir Christopher Wren built ……
a) Buckingham Palace
c) St Paul’s Cathedral
b) Westminster Abbey
d) the Tower of London
6. The National Gallery is in …….
a) Piccadilly Circus
c) Trafalgar Square
d) Leicester Square
b) Parliament Square
7. Westminster is a . . . centre of London.
8. Great Britain is separated from the continent by . .
b) the Irish Sea
a) the Pacific Ocean
d) the English Channel
c) the Bristol Channel
9. Britain’s population is more than . . . million people.
10. There are many farmlands in Britain, especially in the . . . of the country.
11. The head of State in Britain is . . .
a) the Prime Minister
c) the Queen
b) the President
d) the Speaker
12. 650 Members of the House of Commons are elected every . . . years.
7 Making up crossword:
Homework: make a presentation about interesting places of moscow