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Методическая разработка урока английского языка на тему: “The Political System of the USA”

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Методическая разработка урока английского языка на тему: “The Political System of the USA” ("Политическая система США")

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«Методическая разработка урока английского языка на тему: “The Political System of the USA”»

МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ, НАУКИ И МОЛОДЕЖНОЙ ПОЛИТИКИ НИЖЕГОРОДСКОЙ ОБЛАСТИ

Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение

«ДЗЕРЖИНСКИЙ ХИМИЧЕСКИЙ ТЕХНИКУМ ИМЕНИ КРАСНОЙ АРМИИ»














Методическая разработка урока английского языка на тему:


The Political System of the USA”









Разработала: Виноградова А.В.


Преподаватель английского языка



















Дзержинск, 2019г.

Урок по теме «Политическая система США»



Цель урока: ознакомление с политической системой США.


Задачи урока:

1.Ознакомить учащихся с новыми лексическими единицами по теме и отработать их в устной речи.

2. Формировать коммуникативную культуру учащихся.

3. Воспитывать интерес и уважение к истории и культуре США.


Оборудование: магнитофон, карточки со словами для составления схем для двух групп на доске.

Ход урока.

Организационный момент.

-Good morning! I’m glad to see you. Let’s start our lesson. Look at the words on the blackboard and guess what the theme of our lesson is.

-You are right. Today we are going to work in groups and speak about the political system of the USA, the large and powerful English-speaking country. At the end of the lesson you will be able to describe the political system of the USA.


Фонетическая зарядка.

-When you listen to a politician who speaks English you can understand some words without translation. Why? Listen to the speaker and repeat the words on the cards: government, the Administration, the Senate, the Congress, the President, the Vice-president, the Secretary, the House of Representatives, the Cabinet, the people, the Supreme Court. The 1st group (учащиеся, находящиеся в зоне ближайшего развития), read. The 2nd group (учащиеся, находящиеся в зоне актуального развития), translate.


Речевая зарядка (контроль домашнего задания).

At the last lesson we spoke about the political system of Great Britain and at home you had to tell about it. The 1st group (учащиеся, находящиеся в зоне ближайшего развития), agree or disagree:

-Great Britain is an absolute monarchy. -The head of the state is the Queen. -People elect the Prime-Minister. -There are two houses in Parliament. - The Parliament is responsible to the Government. -People elect the House of Commons. -The Cabinet chooses the Prime-Minister. -The Queen votes on the bills. -The Queen rules the country in fact. - The government represents the legislative branch of power. -The Cabinet is responsible for Government. -Parliament represents the executive branch of power. -The House of Commons controls the government. -The House of Lords has the power to delay bills for one year. -The Cabinet makes laws.

Ознакомление с новым материалом.

Every country has its own political system, you know. Whether we like it or not but politics is a part of our lives. It is everywhere: in newspapers, on the radio, on TV. You’ve heard about it at the history lessons. Make a scheme of the political system of the USA using the following cards on the blackboard. Now listen to the text “How Much Power Does the US President Have?” to check if you are right. Correct your schemes if it is necessary. Are they correct?

The Political System of the USA


The United States of America is a federal union, consisting of fifty states, with the District of Columbia as the seat of the national government (1). Each state has its own government and the state governments follow much the same pattern (2) as the federal government. The present constitution was proclaimed (3) in 1787 in Philadelphia. Since then, the basic document has not been changed.

The president is the head of state, of the federal government and he chooses its ministers, called ‘cabinet leaders’. He is chosen in a national election for a four-year term of office (4). The president must be anative-born (5) citizen at least 35 years old.

Congress consists of two houses, the House of Representatives (6) and the Senate (7).

Elections to the House of Representatives take place every two years. The house has 435 members. A member must be an American citizen for more than seven years and at least 25 years old.

Each of the 50 states elects two Senators to the Senate. There are 100 members in the Senate. They are elected to serve (8) for a period of six years, but every two years elections (9) to the senate take place when one third of its members may be changed or re-elected (10).

A Senator must be over 30 years old and a citizen of the USA for at least nine years.

Election day is always in the month of November, on the first Tuesday after the first Monday.

In the USA there are two main political parties, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. The Democratic Party is the oldest of the two. Its history began back in the 1820s. The Republican Party was organized in the 1850s.


Vocabulary

1. national government - государственный правительство

2. pattern - образец, модель

3. to be proclaimed - быть провозглашенным

4. a four-year term of service - 4-летний срок службы

5. native-born - местный житель, уроженец

6. the House of Representatives - Палата Представителей

7. the Senate - Сенат

8. serve - служить, находиться на посту

9. re-elect - переизбирать


Questions


1. Why do we call America a federal union?

2. Where is the seat of the national government?

3. How often is the president elected in the USA?

4. Who can be the president of the country?

5. Who can be elected to the House of Representatives?

6. How many senators are there in the Senate?

7. What is the period of service for a senator?

8. Who can be a senator?

9. When is the Election Day in the USA?

10. Can you name the main political parties in the USA?



Test on the Political System of the USA

  1. In America , the _________________ is the Head of State.

    1. Congress

    2. Parliament

    3. President

  2. The President of the United States is_______________ every four years.

    1. examined

    2. elected

    3. changed

  3. The President makes the most important decisions and chooses the members of his ________.

    1. council

    2. court

    3. cabinet

  4. In other words, the President ______________the heads of the most important departments in the Administration.

    1. appoints

    2. delays

    3. opposes

  5. The president __________the United States on official occasions.

    1. controls

    2. declares

    3. represents

  6. The President cannot act without the Senate’s __________

    1. approval

    2. appointment

    3. opposition

  7. Congress is the_____________ branch of the federal government.

    1. democratic

    2. political

    3. legislative

  8. The President’s policies must be approved by the House of Representatives and the Senate before they become ________________

    1. constitution

    2. law

    3. democracy

  9. The War of Independence began in … .

    1. 1775

    2. 1785

    3. 1875

  10. The War of Independence ended in …

    1. 1780

    2. 1783

    3. 1873

  11. The Constitution was written in … .

    1. New York

    2. Washington

    3. Philadelphia

  12. There are … judges in the US Supreme Court.

    1. nine

    2. eleven

    3. thirteen

  13. The Civil War lasted … years.

    1. three

    2. four

    3. five

  14. The first ten amendments to the Constitution are called … .

    1. the Bill of Citizens

    2. the Bill of Freedoms

    3. the Bill of Rights



Tell about the political system of the USA. Read the text and answer the questions: 1.What kind of state is the USA?

2. Who is the head of the state?

3. Who is the head of the executive branch in the USA?

4. Which officials are elected and which are appointed?

5. Is the head of state elected directly by the people?

6. Can the people of the USA exercise their power through their representatives?

7. What activities are the two branches of power involved in?

8. Is the role of the head of state in the USA ceremonial like in Great Britain?


complete the sentences:

1. The United States of America is a …

2. The President is elected directly by …

3. The legislative branch of the federal government is …

4. Congress is made up of …

5. Congress makes … and can introduce …

6. The President and his Administration represent …

7. The Administration includes …

8. The President appoints … but the Senate must …

9. The legislative and the executive branches of government are involved in the system of …


Объяснение разноуровневого домашнего задания. Подведение итогов.

Americans say, “The President proposes, but Congress disposes”. Why do they think so?

The 1st group (учащиеся в зоне ближайшего развития) find the reasons in the text.

The 2nd (учащиеся в зоне актуального развития) read the text and translate it using the dictionary.

I thank everybody for the lesson. I hope this lesson was interesting for you. Tell me what it was easy (difficult, interesting) for you.

The 2nd group (учащиеся в зоне актуального развития) may use the phrases:

It was easy (difficult, interesting) for me (to read the words, to listen and understand the text, to make and use the scheme, to know new information about the USA).

The lesson is over. Good-bye.


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Предмет: Английский язык

Категория: Уроки

Целевая аудитория: 11 класс.
Урок соответствует ФГОС

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Методическая разработка урока английского языка на тему: “The Political System of the USA”

Автор: Виноградова Александра Валериановна

Дата: 11.12.2019

Номер свидетельства: 531529

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