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London. Great Britain. Grammar: Prepositions of tome and place.

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London. hraet Britain. Grammar: Prepositions of tome and place.

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«London. Great Britain. Grammar: Prepositions of tome and place.»


Тақырыбы: London, Great Britain. Grammar: Preposition of place and time

Мақсаты:

Білімділік:  Жаңа лексикалық сөздермен таныстыру,

Дамытушылық: 

Тәрбиелік:  шет тілдерді үйренуге қызығушылықтарын арттыру.

Сабақтың түрі: аралас

Қолданылатын әдістер: Миға шабуыл және коучинг әдісі және сұрақ-жауап

Сабақтың ресурстары: Плакаттар, презентациялар,бейнероликтер. Интербелсенді тақта, Үнтаспадан күй, халық әуендері беріліп жатады.

  1. Organization moment.

Good morning, my dear friends! I’m glad to see you! You are looking great! How are you? Let’s start our lesson.

  1. Сабақтың тақырыбымен, мақсаттарымен таныстыру. Brainstorming: Look at these photos and say please, what do you know about this country? What country is it? Where is it?



  1. Жаңа сабақты түсіндіру

Prepositions of time

The preposition at is used in the following descriptions of time:

With clock times

  • My last train leaves at 10:30.

  • We left at midnight.

  • The meeting starts at two thirty.

With specific times of day, or mealtimes

  • He doesn’t like driving at night.

  • I’ll go shopping at lunchtime.

  • I like to read the children a story at bedtime.

With festivals

  • Are you going home at Christmas/Easter?

In certain fixed expressions which refer to specific points in time

  • Are you leaving at the weekend?*

  • She’s working at the moment.

  • He’s unavailable at present.

  • I finish the course at the end of April.

  • We arrived at the same time.

*Note that in American English, on the weekend is the correct form.

The preposition in is used in the following descriptions of time:

With months, years, seasons, and longer periods of time

  • I was born in 1965.

  • We’re going to visit them in May.

  • The pool is closed in winter.

  • He was famous in the 1980’s.

  • The play is set in the Middle Ages.

  • They’ve done work for me in the past.

With periods of time during the day

  • He’s leaving in the morning.

  • She usually has a sleep in the afternoon.

  • I tried to work in the evening.

To describe the amount of time needed to do something

  • They managed to finish the job in two weeks.

  • You can travel there and back in a day.

To indicate when something will happen in the future:

  • She’ll be ready in a few minutes.

  • He’s gone away but he’ll be back in a couple of days.

The preposition on is used in the following descriptions of time:

With days of the week, and parts of days of the week

  • I’ll see you on Friday.

  • She usually works on Mondays.

  • We’re going to the theatre on Wednesday evening.

Note that in spoken English, on is often omitted in this context, e.g. I’ll see you Friday.

With dates

  • The interview is on 29th April.

  • He was born on February 14th, 1995.

With special days

  • She was born on Valentine’s Day.

  • We move house on Christmas Eve.

  • I have an exam on my birthday.

If we examine these different aspects of usage for the three prepositions, a general pattern emerges. At is generally used in reference to specific times on the clock or points of time in the day. In generally refers to longer periods of time, several hours or more. On is used with dates and named days of the week.


Prepositions of place

The preposition at is used in the following descriptions of place/position:

With specific places/points in space

  • She kept the horse at a nearby farm.

  • I had a cup of coffee at Helen’s (house/flat).

  • Angie’s still at home.

  • I’ll meet you at reception.

  • There’s a man at the door.

  • I saw her standing at the bus stop.

  • Turn right at the traffic lights.

  • The index is at the back of the book.

  • Write your name at the top of each page.

With public places and shops

  • Jane’s at the dentist/hairdresser.

  • I studied German at college/school/university.

  • Shall I meet you at the station?

  • We bought some bread at the supermarket.

With addresses

  • They live at 70, Duncombe Place.

With events

  • I met her at last year’s conference. She wasn’t at Simon’s party.

The preposition on is used in the following descriptions of place/position:

With surfaces, or things that can be thought of as surfaces

  • The letter is on my desk.

  • There was a beautiful painting on the wall.

  • The toy department is on the first floor.

  • Write the number down on a piece of paper.

  • You’ve got a dirty mark on your jumper.

  • He had a large spot on his nose.

  • She placed her hand on my shoulder.

With roads/streets, or other things that can be thought of as a line, e.g. rivers

  • The bank is on the corner of King’s Street.

  • Koblenz is on the Rhine.

  • Bournemouth is on the south coast.

  • It’s the second turning on the left.

The preposition in is used in the following descriptions of place/position:

  • Do you like living in Nottingham?

  • They were having a picnic in the park.

  • She works somewhere in the toy department.


4. Жаңа материалды бекіту

Ex.: 1 Choose the correct preposition
  1. They caught the fugitive       the corner of the street.

  2. He will wait       three o'clock; then he'll have to leave.

  3. They are rarely       home at lunch time.

  4. He went       a new school in London.

  5. I talk to my mother       the phone every weekend.

  6. What time does the flight       Amsterdam arrive?

  7. Do you like to live       busy road?

  8. They have been married       twenty years.

  9. I'll be home       10 minutes.

  10. I like the smile        her face.

Ex.:2. Choose the right preposition of place:
  1.       the picture, I can see a family       a kitchen.

  2. There is a dish full of fruits       the worktop.

  3. The mother is standing       her son and daughter.

  4. She is holding a vase       in her hand.

  5. The son and the daughter are sitting      the worktop smiling       each other.

  6. There are beautiful cupbords        the wall.

  7. There is a window       the mother.

  8. The woman is looking       her daughter.

Ex.:3. Choose the right preposition of time:
  1. What are you doing       Saturday?

  2. I am going to the countryside       the weekend.

  3. I haven't been to the countryside       December.

  4. What time are you leaving?
    I am leaving       the afternoon. May be       three o'clock pm.I am coming back       Sunday evening. I'll catch the half      seven train       Sunday. I'll be here       nine o'clock.

  5. So you'll be there        the whole weekend. I'll be missing you!



LONDON

London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic, commercial and cultural center. It is one of the largest cities in the world and the largest city in Europe.

The city is very old. It has more than 20 centuries old history. Traditionally it is divided into several parts: the City, Westminster, the West End and the East End. They are very different from each other.

The City is the oldest part of London. Numerous banks, offices and firms are concentrated here. Few people live in the City but over a million works here.

Westminster is the aristocratic official part of London. Westminster Abbey is the place where the coronation of all kings and queens has taken place.

The West End is the richest and the most beautiful part of London. The best hotels, restaurants, shops, clubs, parks and houses are situated here.

The East End is an industrial district of London. The region is populated by working class families.

CHECK THE COMPREHENSION OF THE TEXT “LONDON”

  • London is the capital of…

  • Great Britain

  • Germany

  • The USA


  • It is the largest city in…

  • the world

  • Europe

  • Great Britain


  • London is divided into…

  • 5 parts

  • 4 parts

  • 3 parts


  • The oldest part of London is…

  • the City

  • the East End

  • the West End


  • Westminster is the … part of London.

  • aristocratic

  • business

  • industrial


  • The richest and the most beautiful part of London is…

  • the East End

  • the City

  • the West End


5. Үй тапсырмасы

To retell the text: London


6.Сабақты қорытындылау.

Бағалау және оны жариялау (3 мин):

Қызмет өнімінің нәтижесін бағалайды. Өзіндік қозғалысына баға береді.

7. Рефлексия ( 2 мин):

Сабақ соңында оқушылардың бүгінгі тақырыпты түсінгендігін сұрақ-жауап арқылы тексеру.





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Предмет: Английский язык

Категория: Уроки

Целевая аудитория: 10 класс

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London. Great Britain. Grammar: Prepositions of tome and place.

Автор: Ахметова Айгуль Аллабергеновна

Дата: 11.12.2019

Номер свидетельства: 531472

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