Teacher: Galiyeva G.D.
Theme: Life in the desert.
Objectives: teach students the names of domestic and wild animals, to develop the skills descriptions of animals. Develop the use of Present Simple in speech.
Educational: Development of skills in the monologue and dialogue speech: instills a love of animals. Development of grammatical skills in the use Present Simple.
Developing: Ability to organize and summarize the knowledge acquired.
The development of logical and associative thinking. To develop students 'communication skills.
Bringing-up: Increase students' interest in learning English.
Developing a culture of pupils by means of a foreign language.
Education of respect for the animals.
The method: questions and answers.
The type of the lesson: combined with the use of computer technology.
Linguistic and language materials: Dictionaries, magazines etc.
The connection with other subjects: Kazakh.
Equipments: an interactive board, pictures, cards
The procedure of the lesson
III. Checking up the home task.
IV. Speaking and writing.
1) Complete the sentences:
Our planet in home to a vast collection of (animals).
Some animals have (fur) or (feathers), many have no hard (body) parts at all.
Animals often have (eyes), (ears) and (legs).
Animals’ bodies are made of lots of (cells).
Animals have also (muscles) and (nerves).
Now many animals are in (danger). We must look often the (animals).
2) Correct the sentences:
The grey wolf is the largest member of the bear family. (dog)
Life in desert does not look lifeless. (looks)
Most of the animals hide, because it’s raining during the day. (hot)
The trees in the tropical forest are not green. (always)
It never rains in the tropical forest. (often)
It’s very cold in the tropical forest and most animals live into the holes. (cool, trees)
3) What is this animal?
They live in water, but they are not fish. They have warm blood and they breathe air through a hole in the top of their head. (whale)
They live in Africa and India. Hunters have been killing them for meat and their ivory tusks for a long time. They are very big animals. (elephant)
This animal bounds along on its enormous back legs, using its strong tail to help it balance. This animal lives only in Australia. (kangaroo)
The fox ______ beautiful tail. (have, has, to have, to has)
The panda bear ______ in China. (live, lives, to live)
The polar bear ______ the cold air. (like, likes, to like)
Tigers ______ in India. (live, lives, to live)
The elephant is ______ largest of all land animals. (a, an, the)
The zebra likes lo live in ______ hills. (a, an, the)
The giraffe ______ a very long neck and a long tongue. (has, have)
The kangaroo ______ a long tail. (have, has, to have, to has)
The crocodiles can ______ very well. (walk, walks, to walk)
The crocodiles ______ for hundreds of years. (live, lives, to live)
The dolphin lives in ______ warm waters. (a, an, -)
The whale ______ no teeth (have, has, to have, to has)
Dolphins ______ 50 years. (live, lives, to live)
Parrots live in ______ forest of South America. (a, an, the)
Parrots eat ______ fruit and nuts. (a, an, -)
Lions ______ in Asia and Africa. (live, lives, to live)
The leopard ______ from about 12 hours a day. (sleep, sleeps, to sleep)
The whale ______ no neck (have, has, to have, to has)
VI. Reading and translation.
T.: Open your pupils’ books and find the ex.8 page 41, read the questions first and then you must answer them.
ex.10 page 41 write down the ideas about life in the desert.
Life in the Deserts
Water means life to plants, animals and people. It is difficult for anyone to live in places where there is no water to drink, where there is no grass for their cattle to feed on and where there is no water to help the crops to grow. We will now learn about the places in the world where people have learned to cope with extreme harsh temperatures; in some places as hot as fire and some as cold as ice. These are the desert areas of the world. These are characterised by low rainfall, scanty vegetation and extreme temperatures. Depending on the temperatures there can be hot deserts or cold deserts. The people inhabit these lands wherever little water is available to practise agriculture.
THE HOT DESERT – SAHARA
Look at the map of the world and the continent of Africa. Locate the Sahara desert covering a large part of North Africa. It is the world’s largest desert. It has an area of around 8.54 million sq. km. Do you recall that India has an area of 3.2 million sq. km? The Sahara desert touches eleven countries. These are Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Sudan, Tunisia and Western Sahara.
When you think of a desert the picture that immediately comes to your mind is that of sand. But besides the vast stretches of sands, that Sahara desert is covered with, there are also gravel plains and elevated plateaus with bare rocky surface. These rocky surfaces may be more than 2500m high at some places.
The climate of the Sahara desert is scorching hot and parch dry. It has a short rainy season. The sky is cloudless and clear. Here, the moisture evaporates faster than it accumulates. Days are unbelievably hot. The temperatures during the day may soar as high as50°C, heating up the sand and the bare rocks, which in turn radiates heat making everything around hot. The nights may be freezing cold with temperatures nearing zero degrees.
Flora and Fauna
Vegetation in the Sahara desert includes cactus, date palms and acacia. In some places there are oasis – green islands with date palms surrounding them. Camels, hyenas, jackals, foxes, scorpions, many varieties of People
The Sahara desert despite its harsh climate has been inhabited by various groups of people, who pursue different activities. Among them are the Bedouins and Tuaregs. These groups are nomadic tribes rearing livestock such as goats, sheep, camels and horses. These animals provide them with milk, hides from which they make leather for belts, slippers, water bottles; hair is used for mats, carpets, clothes and blankets. They wear heavy robes as protection against dust storms and hot winds.
The oasis in the Sahara and the Nile Valley in Egypt supports settled population. Since water is available, the people grow date palms. Crops such as rice, wheat, barley and beans are also grown. Egyptian cotton, famous worldwide is grown in Egypt.
The discovery of oil – a product in great demand throughout the world, in Algeria, Libya and Egypt is constantly transforming the Sahara desert. Other minerals of importance that are found in the area include iron, phosphorus, manganese and uranium. The cultural landscape of the Sahara is undergoing change. Gleaming glass cased office buildings tower overmosques and superhighways crisscross the ancient camel paths. Trucks are replacing camels in the salt trade. Tuaregs are seen acting as guides to foreign tourists. More and more nomadic herdsmen are taking to city life finding jobs in oil and gas operations.
VII. Control of understanding.
1. Answer the following questions.
(a) What are the two types of deserts found in the world?
(b) In which continent is the Sahara desert located?
(c) What are the climatic conditions of the Ladakh desert?
(d) What mainly attracts tourists to Ladakh?
(e) What type of clothes the people of the Sahara desert wear?
(f) Name the trees that grow in Ladakh.
2. Tick the correct answer.
1 Sahara is located in which part of Africa
(a) eastern (b) northern (c) western
2 Sahara is what type of desert
(a) cold (b) hot (c) mild
3 The Ladakh desert is mainly inhabited by
(a) Christians and Muslims
(b) Buddhists and Muslims
(c) Christians and Buddhists
4 Deserts are characterised by
(a) scanty vegetation
(b) heavy precipitation
(c) low evaporation
5 Hemis in the Ladakh is a famous
(a) temple (b) church (c) monastery
6 Egypt is famous for growing
(a) wheat (b) maize (c) cotton
VIII. Conclusion and marks.
IX. Home task: Ex/s 14,15 p.42 or 43.
1 On the outline map of Africa, mark the Sahara desert.
2 On the outline map of India, mark the Karakoram Range, Zanskar Range, Ladakh and Zoji La pass.