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Kazakhstan travel - Great Steppe. Kazakhstan travel - Landscapes Kazakhstan beautiful nature

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Kazakhstan has 9th the largest territory in the world (2,724,900km2), with the population of only 17 million. Major part of the country are horizonless steppes, deserts and mountains that house thousands species of animals and birds.

Kazakhstan is the largest country in the world which has no access to the World Ocean; however the territory of Kazakhstan is washed by land-locked seas: the Caspian and Aral ones. The nature of Kazakhstan is beautiful in its own way. It is severe, since the majority of the territory consists of deserts 164,000,000 ha (44%) and semi-deserts (14%). Only 26% of the territory is occupied by steppe zones and 5,5% (21,000,000 ha) by forest ones. There is Sary-Arka – a “yellow steppe” in the central part of the country and the Turgai plateau to the west from it. The territory of Kazakhstan is so vast that it occupies the Urals in the West and the Altai and Tarbagatai in the East. The Ustyurt plateau and the Caspian sea coast are located in the South-West. The eastern part of Kazakhstan reaches the northern Tien-Shan.

Kazakhstan has 9th the largest territory in the world (2,724,900km2), with the population of only 17 million. Major part of the country are horizonless steppes, deserts and mountains that house thousands species of animals and birds.

Kazakhstan is the largest country in the world which has no access to the World Ocean; however the territory of Kazakhstan is washed by land-locked seas: the Caspian and Aral ones. The nature of Kazakhstan is beautiful in its own way. It is severe, since the majority of the territory consists of deserts 164,000,000 ha (44%) and semi-deserts (14%). Only 26% of the territory is occupied by steppe zones and 5,5% (21,000,000 ha) by forest ones. There is Sary-Arka – a “yellow steppe” in the central part of the country and the Turgai plateau to the west from it. The territory of Kazakhstan is so vast that it occupies the Urals in the West and the Altai and Tarbagatai in the East. The Ustyurt plateau and the Caspian sea coast are located in the South-West. The eastern part of Kazakhstan reaches the northern Tien-Shan.

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«Kazakhstan travel - Great Steppe. Kazakhstan travel - Landscapes Kazakhstan beautiful nature»


4.1. Тақырып №29 Kazakhstan travel - Great Steppe. Kazakhstan travel - Landscapes

Kazakhstan beautiful nature

4.2 Дәріс мақсаты:

1. Developing pupils’ knowledge about Kazakhstan and its sights.

2. Using lexical – grammatical material in new communication situations.

3. Develop skills of monological and dialogical speech and self-working.


4.3 Дәріс тезисі


Kazakhstan has 9th the largest territory in the world (2,724,900km2), with the population of only 17 million. Major part of the country are horizonless steppes, deserts and mountains that house thousands species of animals and birds.

Kazakhstan is the largest country in the world which has no access to the World Ocean; however the territory of Kazakhstan is washed by land-locked seas: the Caspian and Aral ones. The nature of Kazakhstan is beautiful in its own way. It is severe, since the majority of the territory consists of deserts 164,000,000 ha (44%) and semi-deserts (14%). Only 26% of the territory is occupied by steppe zones and 5,5% (21,000,000 ha) by forest ones. There is Sary-Arka – a “yellow steppe” in the central part of the country and the Turgai plateau to the west from it. The territory of Kazakhstan is so vast that it occupies the Urals in the West and the Altai and Tarbagatai in the East. The Ustyurt plateau and the Caspian sea coast are located in the South-West. The eastern part of Kazakhstan reaches the northern Tien-Shan.

The climate of the republic is mainly sharply continental. The temperature in summer rises to +49° in the South and in winter may fall to -57° in the North. At the same time the weather in a desert is changeable and unsteady, hot in the daytime and at night, northern winds are blowing, bringing the cold.

As far as the countries’ water resource concerns, though the major part of Kazakhstan is deserts, it has 8,500 small and large rivers. The largest ones from them are the Ural, Emba, Syrdarya, Ishim, Ili, Irtysh and Tobol. One of the largest lakes in Kazakhstan is Lake Balkhash. Up to date, Kazakhstan has been paying great attention to conservation of ecosystem, flora and fauna of the Aral Sea, a part of which is located in the territory of the country. Kazakhstan as well owns the whole northern and part of the eastern coast of the Caspian Sea – that is almost 2340 km.

About six thousands of plant species vegetate in Kazakhstan, about 500 species of birds, 178 species of animals, 49 species of reptiles, 12 species of amphibians may be encountered in its spaciousness and about 100 species of fishes – in the rivers and lakes.

The major part of the forests in the country is located in the region of the northern Tien Shan and Altai mountains. There are juniper forests and alpine meadows there, apple trees and walnuts are growing in the gorges. The mammals are distinguished with the snow leopard, brown bear, and Siberian ibex. Taiga forests are found in the territory of Altai, where in the Kazakh territory a natural wildlife area was set up on Markakol Lake. Here, in the taiga forests such rare species of birds as a cock of the wood, hazel grouse, white grouse are found.

The Kazakh steppes present an impressive and absorbing sight. One can meet there several hundreds of bird species who settle in the region of numerous freshwater and brine lakes. Lake Tengiz is a habitat for one of the rarest and most beautiful bird species - pink flamingos. The Kazakh government set up the Kurgaldja wildfire are to protect them.

Among the deserts of Kazakhstan the most distinguishing are Betpak-Dala desert, Ustyurt plateau, Kyzyk Kum sandy-desert, Moyunkum desert as well as Aral Karakums. They are inhabited by goitered gazelles and jerboas as well as vipers - a terror of deserts. In addition to them another 16 species of snakes were found in the territory of Kazakhstan. Naturally one cannot but mention the largest lizard inhabited exceptionally in the sands of Kyzyl-Kum - desert monitor.

The nature of Kazakhstan is various, its desert massive is immense and its mountain peaks are high and harsh. The country’s flora and fauna are represented by various species of rare and unique animals and plants, many of which are entered in the Red Book.

Are these statements true (T) or false (F)?

1. Medeu is the world’s famous place.

2. Mountain ski resort Shymbulak is situated in Astana steppes.

3. Charyn Canyon is a bigger version of the famous Grand Colorado Canyon in the USA.

4. The blue Tien Shan spruces don’t grow in Kazakhstan.

5. Republic Square is on Satbaev Street.

6. There are no mountains in our country.

7. The Syrdaria, Ural, Ishim, Tobol, Ertis, Ili and Charyn are known as the “land of seven rivers”.

8. Koulan is the only typical animal in Kazakhstan.

9. The famous sight of Astana is Baiterek.

10. Old Square and Republic Square are in Astana.

Presentation of new grammar: Adjectives. Degrees of comparison.

What are the adjectives? Adjectives are words that describe or modify other words. They can identify or quantify another person or thing in the sentence. Adjectives are usually positioned before the noun or the pronoun that they modify. In the following examples, the highlighted words are adjectives: They live in a modern house. Lisa is wearing a long skirt today.

The grammatical category associated with comparison of adjectives and adverbs is degree of comparison. The usual degrees of comparison are the positive, which simply denotes a property (as with the English words big and fully); the comparative, which indicates greater degree (as bigger and more fully); and the superlative, which indicates greatest degree (as biggest and most fully). Some languages have forms indicating a very large degree of a particular quality. Morphological comparison uses the suffixes -er (the "comparative") and -est (the "superlative"). The second system of comparison in English appends the grammatical particles "more" and "most", themselves the irregular comparatives of "many" and "much", to the adjective or adverb being modified. This series can be compared to a system containing the diminutives "less" and "least". Fill in the correct form of the words in brackets (comparative or superlative).

My house is (big) than yours.

This flower is (beautiful) than that one.

This is the (interesting) book I have ever read.

Non-smokers usually live (long) than smokers.

Which is the (dangerous) animal in the world?

A holiday by the sea is (good) than a holiday in the mountains.

It is strange but often a coke is (expensive) than a beer.

Fill in the correct form of the words in brackets (comparative or superlative).

My house is (big)   than yours.

This flower is (beautiful)   than that one.

This is the (interesting)   book I have ever read.

Non-smokers usually live (long)   than smokers.

Which is the (dangerous)   animal in the world?

A holiday by the sea is (good)   than a holiday in the mountains.

It is strange but often a coke is (expensive)   than a beer.

Who is the (rich)   woman on earth?

The weather this summer is even (bad)   than last summer.

He was the (clever)   thief of all.

Complete the sentences below with the correct form of adjectives in parentheses.
1- If you want to be much _________________________ , you should exercise every day. ( healthy)
2- In order to become _____________ than others, some people start criminal activities. (wealthy)
3- My new car is ______________________ than my old one. (pretty)
4- Everyone struggles to have an even _____________ life in the future. (happy)
5- My brother is ______________________ than me. (lucky)
6- She is a little _____________________ than her older sister. (ugly)

4.4. Иллюстративті материалдар: Tables, charts, presentations and slides.

4.5. Пайдаланған әдебиеттер:

Негізгі әдебиеттер:

1. Л.Г. Козырева, Т.В. Шадская– Шет тілі медициналық колледж студенттеріне Ростов-на-Дону. 2012ж;.

2. Голицинский Ю. Грамматика. Жаттығулар жинағы. – СПБ, 2014ж.

Қосымша әдебиеттер:

1. Т. Аяпова, Д. Укбаев, З.Абилтдаева, Ж.Тутбаева. Ж. Курмамбаева. 10 сынып оқулығы. Алматы «Мектеп» 2014ж.

2. 1. Т. Аяпова, Д. Укбаев, З.Абилтдаева, Ж.Тутбаева. Ж. курмамбаева. 11 сынып оқулығы. Алматы «Мектеп» 2015ж.

3. Блох М.Я. Шет тілінен ережелер. – М. Просвещение, 2015

4. Корбина Н.А. и др. Шет тілінде жаттығулар жинағы. – М. Просвещение, 2012ж

5. Газет журналдар шет тілінде

6. Ағылшын-қазақ тілінде сөздік










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Предмет: Английский язык

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Kazakhstan travel - Great Steppe. Kazakhstan travel - Landscapes Kazakhstan beautiful nature

Автор: Аргимбаева Нурлытан Ратмуханбетовна

Дата: 28.04.2020

Номер свидетельства: 548233

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