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Дидактический материал Mechanics Workshop Safety

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Данный  материал подготовлен для студентов 3 курса по специальности 23.02.07 «Техническое обслуживание и ремонт двигателей, систем и агрегатов автомобилей»

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«Дидактический материал Mechanics Workshop Safety»

Mechanics Workshop Safety

1. Read and translate the text:

Whether you tinker in classic car restoration or own a full auto shop, safety in the workshop is always of the utmost importance. Keeping yourself, your friends, your assistants, your customers and any number of other people safe amongst the many dangers of motor vehicle repair is the most important principle in any workshop. So, to help you and yours stay safe, let’s review some shop safety tips.

Wear Proper Clothing

With the many moving parts that exist in every automobile, it is extremely important to wear clothing that fits properly. Clothing that is too loose can get caught in the car’s mechanics, while clothing that is too tight can restrict your movements and responses in dangerous situations. Instead, it is advisable to wear fitted clothing.

In addition, jewelry should never be worn when working with mechanical equipment of any kind, including when working with automobiles. Necklaces, chains, bracelets and earrings can all easily be caught in a moving part, and in some situations, the injuries caused by jewelry incidents may call for amputation or may cause death.

Dangling jewelry of all kinds should therefore be banned from the shop. Also, even simple wedding bands can be caught in machinery (although this is not as likely as with dangling jewelry), so a ban on all jewelry may be considered.

Wear Protective Gear

Drips, spills and splatters are common in auto shops, so protective gear is often the best way to ensure safety. Protective eye gear should be worn anytime a substance could injure a person’s eyes, and gloves should be worn when working with sharp materials, like newly cut or rusty steel.

Other protective gear that may come in handy include masks. Painter’s masks can help decrease the chance of inhalation injury during auto body painting, and a welder’s mask must be worn when welding, to protect the welder’s eyes from arc injuries. Additionally, simple inhalation masks may be suggested during some sanding and cleaning tasks.

Use the Proper Lifts

One of the very most important rules in any shop is to properly lift your vehicle. With literally tons of steel hovering above a worker, supporting a car during a suspension-based task can mean the difference between life and death.

Professional shops may wish to purchase heavy-duty lifts or create a below-ground mechanic’s room to better protect employees. Small shops and hobby restorers, though, may not be able to afford the best in safety gear, so ensuring that a simple jack and jack stand combo is of good quality and used properly is the next best thing.

Always follow the instructions on whatever lift you use, and if using a jack, remember to secure the wheels and put the car in park. Also, if working beneath the car, always use the jack stands to support the vehicle; never rely on the jack as support.

Automobile restoration and repair is one of the most pleasurable jobs and hobbies for countless men and women. If you are in that number, remember to stay safe, watch your clothing/protective gear and lift properly.

2. The pictures are from a safety manual for drilling crews. Which person is …

1. wearing loose clothes?

2. standing under a load?

3. running up or down steps?

4. eating near chemicals?

5. handling chemicals without PPE?

6. walking below people working?

7. standing between a wall and a moving load?

8. using a broken tool?

9. climbing without a safety harness?

10. doing the right thing: lifting correctly and keeping his back straight?

3. Say what might happen in each situation?


Machines might catch his loose clothes and injure him.

4. You work in a drilling crew. You are looking after a new person in the crew. Take turns advising him.


You shouldn’t wear loose clothes because machines might catch them.

5. What safety precautions do you take when you drive a car, or ride a motorcycle or bicycle?

6. Study the information: Personal protective equipment is the first step to your safety in the plant and answer the questions:

Head protection. We are to put on a hard hat to prevent our head from any kind of injuries.

Eye & Face Protection. If you don’t have the safety mask or safety glasses while performing some special kinds of work you are in danger. Pieces of glass for example might hurt your eyes or face. You must wear safety glasses!

Hearing Protection. Earclips help you to reduce the influence of any noise on your hearing. You must wear ear clips while entering the site!

Respiratory ProtectionThe respirator, half mask, gas-mask protect your respiratory organs from influence of different harmful substances. You must wear the respirator when you go to the batch house!

Hand Protection. Safety gloves protect your hands from cuts and injuries while working with very hot or cold surfaces. You must wear safety gloves when you perform any repair near the furnace!

Foot Protection. Safety shoes protect your feet and legs from injuries. When you at the site you must wear safety shoes!

- What does the abbreviation PPE mean?

- What protective clothes do you know?

7. Choose the correct words to complete each sentence and translate them:

  1. We switch off equipment/an equipment

  2. There are six main hazard/ hazards for welders

  3. Gas cylinder / cylinders can explode.

  4. Never look at spark/ the spark.

  5. Hot sparks can burn clothes / a clothes and start fires.

  6. Smoke/ A smoke from welding can be dangerous.

  7. Use cart / a cart.

  8. We always know material/ the material we’re welding.

  9. Cover skin/ a skin and eyes.

  10. Don’t stand in water / a water.

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Предмет: Английский язык

Категория: Уроки

Целевая аудитория: Прочее.
Урок соответствует ФГОС

Дидактический материал Mechanics Workshop Safety

Автор: Воронина Марина Владимировна

Дата: 13.06.2022

Номер свидетельства: 609588

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