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Тест по теме допстопримечательности Лондона "London Quiz"

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«Тест по теме допстопримечательности Лондона "London Quiz"»

LONDON QUIZ


1) What can you see in this picture?
Madame Tusseaud's


The Houses of Parliament


The Tower of London

A famous landmarkin central London, this picture shows the White Tower. The building was started in 1066 when William the conqueror was crowned. Since then it has served as a prison, execution site, royal home, zoo, etc.


Westminster Abbey




2) What can you see in this picture?
Greenwich


Hyde Park


Millenium Dome


The London Eye

The British Airways London Eye, also called The Millenium Wheel, is an observation wheel (the largest) that was built to mark the beginning of a new millenium.



3) What's in this picture?
Hyde Park


London Eye


Millenium Dome

The Millenium Dome, the largest single-roofed building in the world.


Wembley Stadium



4) What's in this photo?
Big Ben

The Clock Tower of the Westminster Palace, the home of the Houses of Parliament.


Greenwich Observatory


Tower Bridge


Westminster Abbey



5) Do you recognize this?
Big Ben


Buckingham Palace


St. Pauls Cathedral

The most famous cathedral in London, built on the Ludgate Hill in the City of London. It was designed by Sir Christopher Wren and dates back to 17th century.


Westminster Abbey



6) What's the name of this building?
Greenwich Observatory


The Houses of Parliament


The Tower of London


Westminster Abbey

A gothic church in Westminster, to the west of the Westminster Palace. It is a traditional place where Kings and Queens are crowned and buried.



7) What's this?
Greenwich Observatory


The Globe Theatre

A modern reconstruction of Shakespeare's Globe theatre, it opened in 1997


The National Theatre


The Tower of London



8) Where can you see this lion?
Hyde Park


Picadilly Circus


The Tower of London


Trafalgar Square

A famous square in central London, it commemorates the Battle of Tralfalgar, where Admiral Nelson defeated the French Army. In the background you can see the National Gallery.



9) What does this photo show?
Buckingham Palace


Hyde Park Corner

A place in the south-east corner of Hyde Park, the largest park in London.


The Marble Arch


Tralfalgar Square



10) What's the name of this tower?
Big Ben


BT Tower


The Tower


Tower 42

One of the tallest buildings in London, 183 meters high.



11) What does this picture show?
Buckingham Palace


The Houses of Parliament

The Westminster Palace, the home of the Houses of Parliament.


The Tower of London


Westminster Abbey



12) Where is this statue?
Buckingham Palace


Hyde Park


The Tower


Tralfalgar Square

The Nelson Column with the statue of Admiral Nelson.



13) What's in this photo?
Buckingham Palace

The official royal residence in London, also a major tourist attraction (famous for e.g. the changing of the guard etc.)


Picadilly Circus


St. James Park


Westminster Abbey



14) Where was this picture taken?
Leicester Square


Oxford Street


Picadilly Circus

A famous intersection in the West End.


The Square Mile



15) What can you see here?
Baker Street


Big Ben


Picadilly Circus


The Marble Arch

A white marble monument near the Speaker's corner in Hyde Park.



16) Where's this statue?
at Buckingham Palace

Victoria Memorial


at The Tower


in Hyde Park


in Tralfalgar Square



17) What's the name of this bridge?
Hungerford Bridge


Millenium Bridge


Tower Bridge

Tower Bridge, or London Bridge, over the river Thames, near The Tower of London


Westminster Bridge






The Symbol of Power - The Tower of London

The tower of London has been an integral part of British Royal History for nearly 1000 years. Only at this place one can marvel at the breathtaking beauty of Crown Jewels and stand on the execution site of three British queens.

The Tower of London has a very interesting story behind it. It was begun by a man who was not even English, William of Normandy. At the time he was the cousin of England's Kind Edward. It all started because William became outraged when Edward backed down on his promise to give the throne to William and ended up giving the throne to his English brother-in-law, Harold. William sailed his army across the English Channel to conquer England. On October 14, 1066, he met Harold at Hastings and conquered him.

On Christmas Day later that year, popularly known as William the conqueror - was crowned King of England. Immediately after William took over as king, he built forts everywhere. One stood in the southeastern corner of London, near an old Roman wall on the north bank of the Thames River. William ordered that this fort be removed in 1078 to be replaced by a huge stone stronghold. This would be the "symbol of his power, a fortress for his defense, and a prison for his enemies". He named it the Tower of London.

The Tower was finished twenty years later, rising nearly one hundred feet high, with its walls fifteen feet thick in certain places. Inside were a chapel, apartments, guardrooms, and crypts. The Tower was protected by a wide ditch, a new stone wall, the old Roman wall, and the river. This was done to secure the fact that this tower was a prison that no prisoner would escape from.

After the death of Henry VII, the Tower of London was never again used to house an English queen or king.

One can gain a fascinating insight into the role of the Crown Jewels in royal pageantry with introductory films which include rare color footage of HM Queen Elizabeth II's coronation. Once inside the Treasury, one can marvel at the Imperial State Crown worn at the State Opening of Parliament and be dazzled by the world's largest, top-quality cut diamond, Cullinan I, set in the Sovereign's Sceptre.

The Yeoman Warders have guarded this royal palace and fortress for centuries they captivate one with amazing stories, passed on from generation to generation, and guide to the infamous Traitors' Gate and the execution site.. A spectacular programme of special events runs throughout the year. Costumed guides bring the intrigue, tales and daring exploits associated with The Tower to life.

Is it any wonder that the Tower Of London is the Britain's leading historic visitor attraction? It was here that Anne Boleyn was executed. Guy Fawkes interrogated. Richard II and Elizabeth I incarcerated and the 'Princes in the Tower' disappeared without trace.

Standing guard by the River Thames, The Tower is an impressive London landmark. Find out the secrets that lie within its walls, marvel at the breathtaking Crown Jewels, stand on the site where three English queens were beheaded and explore the myths and legends that make a visit to The Tower a fantastic day out.





) London has about _________ inhabitants.

10 million

The city itself has a population of about 7.5 million, the urban area more than 8 million, the whole metropolitan area has more than 12 million people

15 million

20 million

4 million


2) Londinium at the beginning of the first millenium was a _________ settlement.

Anglo-Saxon

Anglo-Saxons didn't come to Britain for another 400 years!

Celtic

There was originally a Celtic settlement, although it was much earlier.

French

The French (Normans) invaded Britain in 1066 (Battle of Hastings)

Roman

The settlement called LONDINIUM was founded by Roman legions in 43 AD.


3) In 1666, most of the city was destroyed by _________.

a storm

an earthquake

I don't think there are earthquakes in Britain, not major ones at any rate

barbarians

there were probably no barbarians in Britain in the 17th century

fire

a large part of the city was destroyed by the Great Fire in 1666


4) The architect who constructed a large number of buildings in London was _________.

Guy Fawkes

Guy Fawkes was an English Roman Catholic who attempted to blow up the Houses of Parliament in 1606 (an event known as The Gunpowder Plot)

Henry Hudson

Henry Hudson was an English sea explorer and navigator in the early 17th century. HUDSON RIVER (in New York) was named after him.

Pierre L'Enfant

Pierre Charles L'Enfant was a French-born American architect who designed the first street plan for Washington, D.C.

Sir Christopher Wren

Sir Christopher Wren, (1632 – 1723) was the greatest English architect of his time, designed for example 53 London churches, including St Paul's Cathedral.


5) The construction of the Tower of London started in _________ century.

11th

the construction started with William the Conqueror, who invaded Britain in 1066

13th

15th

9th


6) Heathrow is one of the largest _________ in London.

airports

HEATHROW is one of the largest airports in London, together with Gatwick, for example.

bus stations

ports

railway stations


7) The Poets' Corner is in _________.

Buckingham Palace

Hyde Park

In HYDE PARK there is for example the SPEAKER'S CORNER

St James Park

Westminster Abbey

The Poets' Corner is in the south part of Westminster abbey, it is called POETS' CORNER because of the writers and artists who are buried there


8) The Houses of Parliament can be found in the _________.

Buckingham Palace

The Mall

Trafalgar Square

Westminster Palace

The whole building is WESTMINSTER PALACE.


9) Big Ben is actually the name of _________.

a bell

Officially the bell is called THE GREAT BELL, although it has an unofficial nickname BIG BEN - there are several theories about teh origin of the name. The commonly accepted one is that it was named after Sir Benjamin Hall, who was responsible for the order.

a clock

the name of the clock is THE GREAT CLOCK OF WESTMINSTER

a palace

the palace is called WESTMINSTER PALACE

a tower

the tower is called THE CLOCK TOWER, BIG BEN is a nickname of the BELL.


10) English kings and queens are traditionally crowned at _________.

Buckingham Palace

St. Paul's Cathedral

The House of Lords

Westminster Abbey

The CORONATION CHAIR (or King Edward's Chair) at Westminster Abbey, a throne where English Kings and Queens have been crowned here since 1308 (with the exception of Queen Mary I and Mary II)


11) Trafalgar Square was named after a famous _________.

admiral

the name of the commander of the British fleet was Admiral Nelson

battle

The Battle of Trafalgar (21st October 1805), a naval (sea) battle in which the British (led by Admiral Nelson) defeated a combined French and Spanish fleet.

explorer

king



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Тест по теме допстопримечательности Лондона "London Quiz"

Автор: Мельникова Елена Юрьевна

Дата: 11.03.2021

Номер свидетельства: 575164

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