Просмотр содержимого документа
«Урок-дискуссия на тему «Books or TV?» ( Книги или телевидение?»)»
МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ
ЛУГАНСКОЙ НАРОДНОЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ
АЛЧЕВСКИЙ СТРОИТЕЛЬНЫЙ КОЛЛЕДЖ ДонГТИ
Урок-дискуссия на тему
«Books or TV?»
( Книги или телевидение?»)
преподаватель английского языка
Тип урока: урок-дискуссия.
1. Совершенствование лексических навыков по теме “Книги”.
2. Совершенствование навыков и умений монологической речи по теме.
1. Развитие личностной активности через учебную деятельность.
2. Развитие речевых способностей, связанных с речевой деятельностью и мыслительных операций (умение сравнивать, анализировать, обобщать).
1. Воспитание бережного отношения к книгам, общечеловеческим ценностям, знаниям, достижениям.
2. Воспитание уважительного отношения к мнению собеседника.
3. Воспитание культуры языкового общения.
1) подвести итог знаниям, навыкам и умениям учащихся в рамках изученной темы
(произношение, активный запас фраз и речевых образцов, умения устного активного и рецептивного речевого общения);
2) вовлечь школьников в активную речевую деятельность на уроке путем использования современных средств обучения и различных организационных форм работы;
3) обеспечить активную деятельность каждого ученика в течение всего урока, максимально увеличить время говорения каждого;
4) развивать критическое и логическое мышление при постановке проблемы, умение аргументировано высказываться, убеждать собеседников, учитывая при этом их аргументы и факты;
5) обеспечить коммуникативную направленность обучения
и естественность общения.
Оборудование: компьютер, мультимедийный экран.
Television, also called TV, is one of our most important means of communication. It brings moving pictures and sounds from around the world into millions of homes.The name «Television» comes from Greek word meaning «far», and a Latin word meaning «to see», so the word «television» means «to see far».
About three-fourths of the 1500 TV stations in the US are commercial stations. They sell advertising time to pay for their operating costs and to make profit. The rest are public stations, which are nonprofit organizations.
Commercial TV stations broadcast mostly entertainment programs because they must attract larger number of viewers in order to sell advertising time at high prices. These programs include light dramas called situation comedies; action-packed dramas about life of detectives, police officers, lawyers and doctors; shows featuring comedians, dancers and singers; movies; quiz shows; soap operas; cartoons.
Commercial TV broadcasts also documentaries and talk shows. Documentary is dramatic, but nonfictional presentation of information. It can be programs about people, animals in faraway places or programs on such issues as alcoholism, drug abuse, racial prejudice. On talk shows a host interviews politicians, TV and movie stars, athlets, authors. There are also sport programs and brief summaries of local, national and international news.
Advertising is an important part of commercial TV. Commercials appear between and during most programs. They urge viewers to buy different kinds of products — from dog food to hair spray, and from cars to insurance policies.
Many, many years ago a town crier ran through the streets and shouted out all the news. But now we live in the Atomic Age. Too many things happen too quickly for us to learn about them in the old-fashioned way. That is why we have to read more and more in order to find out what is happening in the world. Reading is rarely a waste of time.
Have you ever thought about the kind of books people used long ago? It is only in the last 500 years that books have been printed on paper. Before that time the only way of making books was to write them out by hand. No one knows when writing first began, but we have found drawings on the walls of caves and scratchings on bones which are at least 25,000 years old.
The invention of paper played a very important part in the development of books. In the 11th century the art of papermaking reached Europe but no trace of printing was found in Europe until 1423. It is known that Johann Gutenberg secretly tried out ways of printing in Strasbourg, Germany, in 1440.
The knowledge of the methods of printing spread so quickly over the Continent of Europe that by the year 1487 nearly every country had started printing books. Later people began to learn how to make paper more quickly and cheaply and of better quality. As a result of this, books became much lighter and smaller.
The first person to print books in the English language was William Caxton, in Russia - Ivan Fedorov. The first book printed in the Russian language appeared in Moscow on the first of March, 1564. Up to that time there were only handwritten books in Russia.
The house built for printing books was not far from the Kremlin. At that time it was one of the best buildings in the Russian capital. Ivan Fedorov and his assistants were the first to use Russian letters. By the 16th century books looked very much as they do today and since then very little change has been made in their appearance.
Different kinds of programmes: a) current affairs programmes (deal with political and social problems of modern society. Their aim is to give an analysis of the problems and to show different viewpoints. They are concerned with the country’s national events, festivals and public gatherings. They also include news commentaries); b) panel discussions (deal with a group of speakers, chosen to speak, answer the questions, take part in a game, before an audience, for example listeners to a broadcast); c) magazine programmes (programmes which are a mixture of “hard” news and feature items);
Different kinds of programmes: d) cartoons (cinema films made by photographing series of drawings); e) wild life programmes (programmes showing animals, birds etc. in their natural surrounding (environment); f) educational programmes (deal with systematic training and instruction of different subjects. With the help of these programmes one can get knowledge and abilities, develop his/her character and mental powers);
Different kinds of programmes: g) quiz programmes (programmes on which members of the audience are asked questions, in case of correct answer they receive prizes); h) “soap” operas (“soap” operas (afternoon television regular feature films) which originally appeared on the radio and were sponsored by soap advisers, continuing from day to day, presenting emotional and melodramatic situations like many operas of the 19th century(thus named “soap” operas);
Different kinds of programmes: i) thrillers (novels, plays or films in which excitement and emotional appeal are the essential elements); j) westerns (uniquely American films presenting myths about pioneering, courageous Americans);
“Discussion” is from the Latin word that means exchange of opinions. Discussion is based on equal conditions for everybody. Each participant has the right both to ask and to state. The problem is not always solved during discussion, differences in opinions are left sometimes. It is necessary to use argumentation – statements and explanations.