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The flora of Kazakhstan: Semi-desert and mountains

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Данная публикация разработана для 8-х классов по английскому языку на тему : " The flora of Kazakhstan: Semi-deserts and mountains". На уроке были использовны картинки, видео-материалы и интерактивная доска.

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«The flora of Kazakhstan: Semi-desert and mountains»

OPEN LESSON   The theme of the lesson:   The flora of Kazakhstan: Semi-desert and mountains.   8 th form    Done by: Tilegenova K.

OPEN LESSON The theme of the lesson: The flora of Kazakhstan: Semi-desert and mountains. 8 th form

Done by: Tilegenova K.

Aim of the lesson :   Give more information about the flora of Kazakhstan: semi-deserts and mountains. Work with text Develop speaking, reading, writing , learning skill’s Educate pupil’s humanity, to feel proud of motherland.    The aids of the lesson: pictures and the interactive boards, slides. .

Aim of the lesson :

  • Give more information about the flora of Kazakhstan: semi-deserts and mountains. Work with text
  • Develop speaking, reading, writing , learning skill’s
  • Educate pupil’s humanity, to feel proud of motherland.

The aids of the lesson: pictures and the interactive boards, slides.

.

Procedure of the lesson :   I. Organization moment: Greeting; b) Marking and absentees; c) Talk with pupil on duty. II. Checking the home task: a) The teacher puts shapes on the table and asks the students choose one of the shapes. b) Lets divide into three groups the names of plants. .

Procedure of the lesson :

I. Organization moment:

  • Greeting; b) Marking and absentees;

c) Talk with pupil on duty.

II. Checking the home task:

a) The teacher puts shapes on the table and asks the students choose one of the shapes.

b) Lets divide into three groups the names of plants.

.

New theme :   III. Today we are going to speak and to discuss about the flora of Kazakhstan: semi-deserts and mountains. Write down today’s date. Today is 27 th of January. Pronunciation: practise reading and saying the words: [a:] - grass, large, parts, plants [ae] - ash, apple, maple, saffron, black [i:] - cedar, needle, believe [e] - desert, fescue, feather grass  Answer the questions: What trees grow in the forest-steppes of Kazakhstan ? What flowers are most common for Kazakhstan steppes ? Which do you like best: daisies, tulips of fleur-de-lis ? .

New theme :

III. Today we are going to speak and to discuss about the flora of Kazakhstan: semi-deserts and mountains.

Write down today’s date. Today is 27 th of January.

Pronunciation: practise reading and saying the words:

[a:] - grass, large, parts, plants

[ae] - ash, apple, maple, saffron, black

[i:] - cedar, needle, believe

[e] - desert, fescue, feather grass

Answer the questions:

  • What trees grow in the forest-steppes of Kazakhstan ?
  • What flowers are most common for Kazakhstan steppes ?
  • Which do you like best: daisies, tulips of fleur-de-lis ?

.

Pronunciation: practise reading and  saying the words   Edellweiss [‘eid (ә)lvais] еңлікгүл эдельвейс  Wormwood [‘w] жусан полынь Thickets of needle grass тікен шөп өскіні проросток колючника Humid [` hju: mid] ылғал сырой,влажный Fescue grass бетеге овсяница Feather grass қау, боз ковыль Cedar[`si: dә] самырсын кедр; пихта Pine [ pain] қарағай сосна Acacia [ә`keiSә] акация акация Ash [aeS] шаған ясень Spruce [ spru: s] шырша ель Walnut [ `wэ: lnat] грек жаңғағы ореховое дерево Peony [` pi:әni] таушымылдық пион цветок   .

Pronunciation: practise reading and saying the words

Edellweiss [‘eid (ә)lvais] еңлікгүл эдельвейс

Wormwood [‘w] жусан полынь

Thickets of needle grass тікен шөп өскіні проросток колючника

Humid [` hju: mid] ылғал сырой,влажный

Fescue grass бетеге овсяница

Feather grass қау, боз ковыль

Cedar[`si: dә] самырсын кедр; пихта

Pine [ pain] қарағай сосна

Acacia [ә`keiSә] акация акация

Ash [aeS] шаған ясень

Spruce [ spru: s] шырша ель

Walnut [ `wэ: lnat] грек жаңғағы ореховое дерево

Peony [` pi:әni] таушымылдық пион цветок

 

.

Let’s read and translate the text. Three teams.   I st team: The Flora of Kazakhstan  Semi- desert is between two different zones- stepps and deserts. Very often large areas are occupied by wormwood, and in some more humid parts, there are thickets of needle grass. Basically, semi- desert vegetation - is fescue, daisy and feathergrass. About 250 species of planets in Kazakhstan are adapted to desert conditions. The most interesting representative is the black saksaal. Also, in the desert area, sand acacia can be found.   Answer the questions:  1) What trees grow in the forest - steppes of Kazakhstan?  2) What flowers are most common for Kazakhstan steppes?  3) Where is semi - desert situated?  4) How many species of plants are there in Kazakhstan deserts?    .

Let’s read and translate the text. Three teams. I st team: The Flora of Kazakhstan Semi- desert is between two different zones- stepps and deserts. Very often large areas are occupied by wormwood, and in some more humid parts, there are thickets of needle grass. Basically, semi- desert vegetation - is fescue, daisy and feathergrass. About 250 species of planets in Kazakhstan are adapted to desert conditions. The most interesting representative is the black saksaal. Also, in the desert area, sand acacia can be found. Answer the questions: 1) What trees grow in the forest - steppes of Kazakhstan? 2) What flowers are most common for Kazakhstan steppes? 3) Where is semi - desert situated? 4) How many species of plants are there in Kazakhstan deserts?

.

Let’s read and translate the text. Three teams.   II nd team: The flora of kazakhstan  The Altai Mountains are rich in cedar and pine forests. In the southern mountains of Tien Shan there are a lot of apple and ash forests. Spruce forests grow in the Altai Mountains. It is believed that such plants as walnut, fir, spruce and maple appeared in Kazakhstan many millions years ago through the hil country of the Tien Shan, when the system was just beginninng to take shape and had low hills. The nature of the Altai , Alatau Mountains is rich in various flowers: iris, saffon, bluebells, autumn crocus, snowdrops, peonies, some kinds of roses and tulips and the symbol of mountains, edelweiss.     Answer the questions:  1) What grows in the mountains? Name the flowers.  2) What flower is symbol of mountains?  3) Have you ever planted trees?  4) When do you usually plant trees?    .

Let’s read and translate the text. Three teams. II nd team: The flora of kazakhstan The Altai Mountains are rich in cedar and pine forests. In the southern mountains of Tien Shan there are a lot of apple and ash forests. Spruce forests grow in the Altai Mountains. It is believed that such plants as walnut, fir, spruce and maple appeared in Kazakhstan many millions years ago through the hil country of the Tien Shan, when the system was just beginninng to take shape and had low hills. The nature of the Altai , Alatau Mountains is rich in various flowers: iris, saffon, bluebells, autumn crocus, snowdrops, peonies, some kinds of roses and tulips and the symbol of mountains, edelweiss.   Answer the questions: 1) What grows in the mountains? Name the flowers. 2) What flower is symbol of mountains? 3) Have you ever planted trees? 4) When do you usually plant trees?

.

Let’s read and translate the text. Three teams.   III rd team: Not all trees are apple-trees  Two gentlemen came to the country-side. As they were passing by a farm they saw a large garden. There were many trees in it and all the trees had apples except one. They did not know why that tree had no apples. As they were talking about it the saw a boy, the farmer's son. They asked the boy:

Let’s read and translate the text. Three teams. III rd team: Not all trees are apple-trees Two gentlemen came to the country-side. As they were passing by a farm they saw a large garden. There were many trees in it and all the trees had apples except one. They did not know why that tree had no apples. As they were talking about it the saw a boy, the farmer's son. They asked the boy: "Why aren't there apples in this tree? Can you explain? "Of course, I canʺ, - said the boy." It's an oak tree".   Answer the questions: Can you tell one tree from another? How? Is it always easy or difficult to do it? What makes an oak-tree different from an apple-tree? Why do you think the two gentlemen didn't know why there were no apples in that tree? Your opinion?

.

Kazakhstan flora and fauna overview  Over six thousand kinds of plants are growing in Kazakhstan (from them 515 - only here), on its open spaces it is possible to meet about 500 kinds of birds, 178 kinds of animals, 49 kinds of reptiles, 12 kinds of amphibians, and in the rivers and lakes - 107 kinds of fishes.  A variety of invertebrate animals here is even more: not only there are more then thousand kinds of insects. Mollusks, worms, spiders, crustaceous and others living in Kazakhstan are not less than 30 thousand kinds.

Kazakhstan flora and fauna overview Over six thousand kinds of plants are growing in Kazakhstan (from them 515 - only here), on its open spaces it is possible to meet about 500 kinds of birds, 178 kinds of animals, 49 kinds of reptiles, 12 kinds of amphibians, and in the rivers and lakes - 107 kinds of fishes. A variety of invertebrate animals here is even more: not only there are more then thousand kinds of insects. Mollusks, worms, spiders, crustaceous and others living in Kazakhstan are not less than 30 thousand kinds.

Flora  The diversity of a flora of Kazakhstan considerably varies both by structure and number of various systematic taxones of plants (species, sorts etc.), and by geography, in particular, by nature-climatic zones and high-altitude belts. In the plain part of the steppe and desert zones both diversity and peculiarity of a flora are increased from west by east, and in mountain systems - from northeast (Altay) to the southwest (Western Tien-Shan, Karatau).  In the Kazakhstan territory, more than 6000 species of highest vascular plants, about 5000 species of mushrooms, 485 species of lichen, more than 2000 species of seaweed, about 500 species of mushrooms are registered

Flora The diversity of a flora of Kazakhstan considerably varies both by structure and number of various systematic taxones of plants (species, sorts etc.), and by geography, in particular, by nature-climatic zones and high-altitude belts. In the plain part of the steppe and desert zones both diversity and peculiarity of a flora are increased from west by east, and in mountain systems - from northeast (Altay) to the southwest (Western Tien-Shan, Karatau). In the Kazakhstan territory, more than 6000 species of highest vascular plants, about 5000 species of mushrooms, 485 species of lichen, more than 2000 species of seaweed, about 500 species of mushrooms are registered

The Kazakh semi-desert is an  ecoregion  in the  deserts and xeric shrublands   biome , located in  Kazakhstan . The climate is semi-arid and continental, with a total annual precipitation of 160 millimetres (6.3 in), and mean temperatures in January averaging −15 °C (5 °F) and in July 23 ° C (73 °F).

The Kazakh semi-desert is an  ecoregion  in the  deserts and xeric shrublands   biome , located in  Kazakhstan . The climate is semi-arid and continental, with a total annual precipitation of 160 millimetres (6.3 in), and mean temperatures in January averaging −15 °C (5 °F) and in July 23 °

C (73 °F).

It is a transitional area between the  steppes  and the  deserts  of Central Asia and supports flora found in both  biomes , predominantly grasses, particularly  Stipa  species, and shrubs such as  Artemisia  species. A number of mammals and birds are found in this ecoregion but the habitat is threatened by overgrazing and fragmentation from human encroachment. However, a recent reduction in livestock numbers in Kazakhstan is allowing the native plants a greater opportunity to regenerate.

It is a transitional area between the  steppes  and the  deserts  of Central Asia and supports flora found in both  biomes , predominantly grasses, particularly  Stipa  species, and shrubs such as  Artemisia  species. A number of mammals and birds are found in this ecoregion but the habitat is threatened by overgrazing and fragmentation from human encroachment. However, a recent reduction in livestock numbers in Kazakhstan is allowing the native plants a greater opportunity to regenerate.

Kazakhstan Mountains  Steppes and mountains of Kazakhstan create a unique landscape of the country.  Mountains in Kazakhstan, being either low or high, contribute to the beauty of Kazakhstan nature and offer many opportunities for holidays and recreation, attracting many tourists every year.   

Kazakhstan Mountains Steppes and mountains of Kazakhstan create a unique landscape of the country. Mountains in Kazakhstan, being either low or high, contribute to the beauty of Kazakhstan nature and offer many opportunities for holidays and recreation, attracting many tourists every year.  

IV. Defending the posters. Three teams.      IV. Warm up. Doing some exercises :   True or False?  1. Semi-desert vegetation is poor.  2. The Altai Mountains are rich in cedar and pine forests.  3. Such plants as walnut, fir, spruce and maple appeared in Kazakhstan not long ago.  4. The symbol of mountains is edelweiss   True or False :     Kazakhstan steppes cover a great part of the country .  In the mid-summer the grass burns and becomes yellow because of the sun.  Oak trees do not grow in the area of forest-steppe.  In humid places near the rivers there are reeds and sedges

IV. Defending the posters. Three teams. IV. Warm up. Doing some exercises : True or False? 1. Semi-desert vegetation is poor. 2. The Altai Mountains are rich in cedar and pine forests. 3. Such plants as walnut, fir, spruce and maple appeared in Kazakhstan not long ago. 4. The symbol of mountains is edelweiss True or False :   Kazakhstan steppes cover a great part of the country . In the mid-summer the grass burns and becomes yellow because of the sun. Oak trees do not grow in the area of forest-steppe. In humid places near the rivers there are reeds and sedges

Brush up your grammar: Degrees of comparison: 1.Fill in the gaps with the appropriate form of adjectives . The positive The comparative Nice   Nicer The superlative   Long -   -     The longest Young   -     - The youngest     Bigger   The biggest Beautiful     -   The most beautiful Interesting More interesting       Heavy The most interesting     -   Rich -   -     -  

Brush up your grammar: Degrees of comparison:

1.Fill in the gaps with the appropriate form of adjectives .

The positive

The comparative

Nice

 

Nicer

The superlative

 

Long

-

 

-

 

 

The longest

Young

 

-

 

 

-

The youngest

 

 

Bigger

 

The biggest

Beautiful

 

 

-

 

The most beautiful

Interesting

More interesting

 

 

 

Heavy

The most interesting

 

 

-

 

Rich

-

 

-

 

 

-

 

Remember the irregular adjective and adverbs The positive The comparative     The superlative Good better(than)     (the) best (of all)   Bad worse(than)     (the)worst (of all) Little   less(than)       (the)least (of all) Much more(than)     Many   (the)most (of all) more(than)       the)most (of all) Far farther(than)     The farthest (of all)  

Remember the irregular adjective and adverbs

The positive

The comparative

 

 

The superlative

Good

better(than)

 

 

(the) best (of all)

 

Bad

worse(than)

 

 

(the)worst (of all)

Little

 

less(than)

 

 

 

(the)least (of all)

Much

more(than)

 

 

Many

 

(the)most (of all)

more(than)

 

 

 

the)most (of all)

Far

farther(than)

 

 

The farthest (of all)

 

Read and remember how to use these adjectives in the sentences.  1. The shortest month of the year is February  2. Better late than never. (proverb)  3. Moscow is bigger than Almaty 4. I'm the youngest in the family  5. Mississippi is the longest river in the world

Read and remember how to use these adjectives in the sentences.

1. The shortest month of the year is February

2. Better late than never. (proverb)

3. Moscow is bigger than Almaty

4. I'm the youngest in the family

5. Mississippi is the longest river in the world

VI. Conclusion. There are questions on the blackboard ,choose one of them and answer the questions.    Answer the questions: Who is your best friend ? Who knows English best of all in your group ?   Who is the youngest in your group ? Which is the longest river in the world ?   Which street is the longest in your city\town ? What is the best season for apples ?     Which is the coldest state in the USA ? What rare plants and animals can be found in Kazakhstan ? VII. Reflections.  VIII. Marking. IX. Homework.     

VI. Conclusion. There are questions on the blackboard ,choose one of them and answer the questions.

Answer the questions:

Who is your best friend ?

Who knows English best of all in your group ?

 

Who is the youngest in your group ?

Which is the longest river in the world ?

 

Which street is the longest in your city\town ?

What is the best season for apples ?

 

  Which is the coldest state in the USA ?

What rare plants and animals can be found in Kazakhstan ?

VII. Reflections. VIII. Marking.

IX. Homework.

 

Thank s for Your attention     Have a nice day     

Thank s for Your attention Have a nice day

 


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Предмет: Английский язык

Категория: Презентации

Целевая аудитория: 8 класс

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The flora of Kazakhstan: Semi-desert and mountains

Автор: Тилегенова Клара Уралбаевна

Дата: 01.02.2017

Номер свидетельства: 386485

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